Business groups pressed hard to limit changes, but had little what they wanted, marking a victory for hardliners of immigration as Trump, as it seeks to build support for the November election.
The visa ban applies to H-1B visas, which are widely used by American and Indian tech workers and their families, H-2B visas for seasonal non-agricultural products, J- 1 of visas for cultural exchanges and L-1 visas for managers and other key employees of multinational companies.
Trump has wanted to suspend the H-1B program since he assumed the presidency and that he is using the high unemployment rate as a result of COVID as his justification …– Andrea Vaitzner, Canadian immigration lawyer
There will be exceptions for worker food processing, which account for about 15% of H-2B visas, the official said. Healthcare workers, helping with the fight coronavirus will continue to be spared the green card freeze, although their exemption will be narrower.
“In administering our nation’s immigration system, we must remain aware of the impact of foreign workers on the United States on the job market, especially in the extraordinary situation of the environment of high unemployment and the low job demand, “Trump wrote in his presidential proclamation.
Potential effect on Canadians
These movements could affect thousands of Canadians. They are much tougher than an earlier version of Trump’s immigration announcement in April, which affected only permanent immigration applications for visas.
The new touching work visa provisions used by many Canadians. Canadians have filed more than 4,000 H-1B applications in each of the past two years, and many more are expected to obtain L1 business visas in a normal year, including workplaces for cross-border businesses.
Those likely to be affected by the changes struggled on Monday evening to unravel the exact effects of their lives. The order has left many questions unanswered, and even immigration lawyers have been racing to unpack the implications.
Montreal immigration lawyer Andrea Vaitzner said it’s not clear, for example, that there could be exemptions for Canadians on the L1 ban, based on trade agreements allowing for internal transfers .
The appeasement of immigration to the endian
Trump’s initial 60-day ban on overseas green cards expired on Monday. The announcement, which primarily targets family members, drew a surprisingly cold reception from immigration hardliners, who said the president did not go far enough.
The new measures to include non-immigrant visas were aimed at appeasing hard-line supporters.
“It is a bold move by the administration’s Trumpet to protect American jobs,” said Mark Krikorian, executive director of the Center for Immigration Studies, who advocates for the restrictions. “Not all of the elements of our necessary action checklist are included in today’s announcement, but professional lobbyists who have desperately fought for exceptions to protect their clients’ access to cheap labor- foreign works have been largely overlooked. ”
Vaitzner says the administration is using the pandemic as an excuse.
“Trump has wanted to suspend the H-1B program since he started the presidency and that he is using the high unemployment rate as a result of COVID as his justification for suspending a program that he does ‘disliked because it allowed foreigners to enter the United States,’ she said. “His rationale for suspending the program is based on certain incorrect assumptions, in my opinion. ”
She said these false assumptions, including the lack of evidence that preventing H-1B applications from creating new jobs in the United States, and could end up hurting US businesses.
Thomas J. Donohue, the CEO’s US Chamber of Commerce, also said the measures hurt, not help, the US economy.
“Putting up a” not welcome “sign of engineers, managers, experts, doctors, nurses and other workers is not helping our country, it will hold us back,” he said. “Restrictive changes to our nation’s immigration system will stimulate investment and economic activity abroad, slow growth and reduce job creation. ”
A pro-immigration group with a strong Silicon Valley back-up, front-wheel drive. We said the moves “will not only hinder efforts to save lives, but will prevent the creation of jobs and harm our economy our country to fight to recover. ”
Freezes for visas issued abroad are designed to take effect immediately. Other changes, including restrictions on work permits for asylum seekers, will go through a formal process-taking rule that takes months.
The administration is proposing a new method of awarding H-1B visas, the official said, granting more according to the highest salary instead of lottery.
H-1B visas are capped at 85,000 a year for people with highly specialized knowledge and a minimum of a bachelor’s degree, often in science, technology, engineering, teaching and accountability. Critics say high-tech companies have used visas as a tool to outsource jobs to foreigners, replacing Americans.
Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp was the employer’s largest H-1B in the 2018 fiscal year, followed by Tata Consultancy Services Ltd., Infosys Ltd., Deloitte Consulting LLP and Microsoft Corp.’s other large employers include Amazon.com Inc. ., Apple Inc., Google and Facebook Inc.
Changes for Asylum Seekers
The rule against asylum seekers, which is expected to take effect in August. 25, would make it much more difficult for them to obtain work permits, among other things, lengthening the waiting time to apply from 150 days to a year and to ban applicants who cross the border illegally.
328 page regulation signed by Chad Mizelle, the US Homeland Security Acting Department of the General Council, who is seen as an ally of White House counselor Stephen Miller – says limiting work permits, you are withdrawing a important incentive for people to come to the united states for asylum.
It is the latest in a long line of measures that make asylum more difficult – almost unattainable, according to some immigrant advocacy groups.
“The rule will prevent many refugees from food, support and housing and to themselves and their families,” said Eleanor Acer, Human Rights, First Chief Protection Officer refugees. “Asylum seekers and their families are struggling to survive under the work permit waiting times. But this rule is not impossible for many to survive. “