Juneteenth is not a public holiday federal, although 47 States and Washington, DC the mark, but for many in the black community, Juneteenth, rather than the 4th of July is considered the true independence day. It is also known as the liberty, the independence of the Blacks and the emancipation day.
In Minneapolis, in Minnesota, the celebrations were combined with a tribute to Floyd during a journey of five miles early in the morning for runners, walkers and cyclists who finished on the site where he was killed. A gathering of the repairs was planned for the afternoon in the capital of the State of Minnesota with organisers demanding that the murder of Floyd to be recognized at once as a problem of racist and economic.
In Atlanta, demonstrators gathered in front of the bar Association of Georgia and marched to demand justice for Ahmaud Arbery – the black man unarmed 25-year-old shot dead while he was on the run by a father and his son are white, while a third white man has helped the jam and filmed the murder. Still in Atlanta, students at colleges and universities led a march that ended in a campaign of registration of voters and a concert.
Al Sharpton, an activist veteran of the civil rights leader and baptist preacher, who spoke at the funeral of Floyd, was to give a speech at a celebration of June 19th in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where in 1921 a mob of racist white has destroyed the community of “Black Wall Street”. Donald Trump had originally planned a rally campaign in Tulsa for 19 June, but was later postponed to Saturday after you have learned the importance of the feast.
Juneteenth, which combines the words “June” and “19th”, is the symbolic day in 1865 when the general division of the Union army, Gordon Granger read the emancipation proclamation of Abraham Lincoln abolishing slavery in a plantation in Galveston, Texas.
The proclamation had been signed by the president more than two years earlier, but had little effect on many African-American slaves held in territory confederate. Slavery was outlawed at the national level a few months later when the 13th amendment was ratified.
Dozens of events have taken place in the five boroughs of New York city, mayor Bill de Blasio, who has been widely criticized for the violent repression exercised by the police against the demonstrators in recent weeks, announced from next year, the Juneteenth would be a city official and school holidays.
In the park Marcus Garvey in Harlem, hundreds of people wearing masks as they celebrated the identity and the culture of black american music, food and art of africa. On the pier in West Harlem, a rally led by men and named the “Protect our queens,” has asked for justice for Breonna Taylor and other women of color killed by the police. Taylor, a black woman, 26 years old, was shot and killed in march by police who entered her home in Louisville, Kentucky, without warning.
The increased awareness of the festival occurs in the midst of growing calls for a profound change to combat the systemic racism in american society, which affects all areas of the lives of black and brown, including education, housing, voting rights, health, the police, environmental justice, incarceration, and economic inequality.
A number of companies, including Twitter and Target, have been granted leave to their employees while the private sector focuses increasingly on the role played by the private sector in the maintenance of racial injustice is economic. But the holidays are not yet universally known and are not taught in many schools.
On Friday, Senate democrats, including former presidential candidates Kamala Harris and Cory Booker have introduced legislation to make Juneteenth a national holiday. It should deal with the opposition republicans who control the Senate.
Elsewhere in the country, civil rights leaders joined the event and spoke against the injustices. The activist and academic Angela Davis appeared at a march that drew thousands of people in Oakland, California, shutting down the industrial harbour of the city.
“If I had not chosen to become a university professor, my next choice would have been to be a dock worker,” said Davis. “To be a part of the union, the more radical of the country.”
“Thank you for closed ports today, June 19. You represent the potential and the power of the trade union movement “, she added. The filmmaker Boots Riley also addressed the crowd.
The local union of longshoremen of Oakland, had organized a strike at 29 ports along the west coast. Unionized workers have been joined by a brigade of motorcycles, a caravan of cars, a fleet of cyclists and thousands to foot.
Rather than deal with the cargo, “including the shirt you’re wearing, the phone you wear,” said Sweets Ward, a tank top of the local 10 of the ILWU, workers have joined a walking mass of the port of Oakland at Oscar Grant Plaza in the city centre. the name of the black man of 22 years old killed by police in 2009.
The union had staged similar protests after the death of Grant, there are more than ten years – and many since. “This time seems a little different,” said Trent Willis, president of local 10 of the ILWU. “The response to this call is just astronomical … We’ve done similar things before, but this is our last call to action – on steroids. “