A “decisive moment”, which will constitute a “violation, the most serious of international law” – this is how The head of the united nations, Antonio Guterres, has described the plans of Israel to annex parts of the occupied west bank and the Jordan valley.
Speech in a virtual meeting of the On Wednesday, the security Council of the united nations reiterated its call on Israel to abandon its plans supported by the United States, which could be implemented as early as next week.
If it is implemented, said the secretary-general of the united nations, the annexation ” would seriously undermine the prospect of a two-state solution and undermine the possibilities of resumption of negotiations “.
“I call on the israeli government to abandon its plans of annexation “.
The call of Guterres has been taken over by other leaders and ministers of foreign Affairs during the virtual meeting, warning that unilateral action by Israel could trigger a major escalation in the region.
“For three decades, the real peace and the establishment of an independent palestinian State remain elusive … The despair that dominated the mood and the scene of palestinian “, The head of the arab League, Ahmed Aboul Gheit, said.
Wednesday’s meeting is seen as the last international meeting before The right-wing government of israeli Prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu to initiate the discussions planned on the 1st of July on the annexation of the west bank, territory that Israel captured in a 1967 war and that palestinian leaders are looking for in a future State.
At the meeting of the UNSC, Nickolay Mladenov, the envoy of United Nations peace for the Middle East, has warned of the legal implications, security, and economic of such a decision.
“The annexation could irrevocably alter the relationship between israeli-palestinian relations. It is likely to delay a quarter of a century of international efforts and support to a future viable palestinian State “, said Mladenov.
“Today, we are more than ever far from this goal [of a two-state-solution]. ”
Mladenov has noted that the international condemnation was also widespread, including the strong opposition of the european Union to the plan.
On Wednesday, more than 1,000 parliamentarians from 25 european countries have signed a letter denouncing plans to Israel, urging their leaders to prevent the process of annexation and to save the prospects of a two-state solution.
The palestinian foreign minister, Riyad al-Malki, warned that any annexation would be a “crime” and would result in immediate impact and tangible.
He said that the goal of Israel was for decades to capture ” a maximum of palestinian land with minimum Palestinians “.
“Israel is testing the resolve of the international community, thinking that his apartheid colonial will prevail … We need to prove that he is wrong,” said al-Malki to the board, appellant the international community to impose sanctions against Israel to deter its plans.
Seven european countries – Belgium, Britain, Estonia, France, Germany, Ireland and Norway – in a joint statement have warned that the annexation “would seriously undermine” the prospects for resumption of the peace process in the Middle East.
“Under international law, the annexation would have consequences on our close relationship with Israel and would not be recognized by us,” they warned.
Marwan Bishara, senior policy analyst of Al Jazeera, dismissed as speech from the mouth of the leaders, addressing the security Council, stressing the lack of recommended actions.
“We all know that was the elephant in the room, we all know who is at the origin of this annexation … someone there pointed at the United States? “Asked Bishara.
“The reason for which this meeting was convened was to send a message, that we are in dangerous territory … But you would expect that the members of the UNSC, and the members of the arab League to adopt a tougher stance. “
The plan of Trump
While the United States had to give the official go-ahead to Netanyahu for his plan, the us secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Wednesday that the extension of israeli sovereignty was a decision ” taken by the Israelis “.
His comments came as the United States Ambassador to the UN, Kelly Craft, said to the Council: “I understand that many of you have concerns regarding this issue of the potential extension of israeli sovereignty in the west bank … In the same time, we also ask that you hold the palestinian leadership responsible for the actions for which they are responsible. ”
Unveiled in late January, the so-called ” plan of the Middle East “, the american president Donald Trump, which strongly favours Israel and was rejected by the Palestinians, gives Israel the green light for the annexation of israeli settlements and strategic areas of the occupied west bank.
The west bank, including occupied Jerusalem Is leaders palestinians want as capital of their future State – is regarded as occupied territory under international law, making it illegal all jewish settlements located there – as well as the annexation is scheduled.
Palestinian officials have threatened to abolish the bilateral agreements with Israel if it were to go forward with such a decision.
The plan of Trump foresees the eventual creation of a demilitarized palestinian State on the patchwork of remaining parts disjointed of the palestinian territories without Jerusalem Is.
The u.s. administration has refused to criticize the annexation, and has rejected the consensus of most of the world, according to which the israeli settlements on palestinian land are illegal.
“Decisions regarding the Israelis extending their sovereignty to these places are decisions that the Israelis need to take,” said secretary of State Mike Pompeo reporters in Washington.
Israel’s ambassador to the UN, Danny Danon, criticized the Palestinians, saying that the impasse was due to their refusal to negotiate.
“Some members of the international community choose to reward the rejection of the Palestinians and ignore the reality,” he said.
During this time, Guterres called on the Quartet of mediators in the Middle East – the United States, Russia, the EU and the UN ” to play our role of mediation mandated and to find a framework mutually acceptable to the parties réengagent, without preconditions, with us. and other key States ” .
The Palestinians protested against the displacement potential through the occupied territories this week, including the Gaza strip under siege.
Nida Ibrahim of Al Jazeera, reporting an event on Wednesday in the Jordan valley, said that senior palestinian officials should begin to gather in a movement of “symbolic” to emphasize that this is ” palestinian land “.
While Palestinians in the street do not have confidence in the international community, the palestinian leadership are determined to bring a peaceful end to the israeli occupation, said Ibrahim.
The anger has also soared among Palestinians after the death murderer of two Palestinians by israeli soldiers this week.