The reform efforts of the police are facing a major hurdle: the inertia of bitter Washington

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Statues commemorating a past racist have plummeted around the world, a car livery BLM streaked around a NASCAR track, and Americans of all races braved a pandemic for the walk for justice in an example the moving of the power of the people. But the divisions rooted and ambition mute the institutional policy of the country, is steeped in the bitterness of a capital post-impeachment, threaten to limit the scope of the reform of the police.

President Donald Trump has announced important measures on Tuesday in a decree, but critics have said that it was not sufficient for such a moment. Democrats on Capitol Hill should send Wednesday, measures that are much broader – including a total ban bottlenecks in the arrest, as opposed to the recommendation of the president for voluntary compliance by the police – in the House of representatives for a full vote next week.

But the leader of the republican majority in the Senate, Mitch McConnell, has already stated that the bill democrat had no hope of his side of the Capitol, leaving a bill of the GOP by the senator from South Carolina Tim Scott in the spotlight, that the democrats say is too low. Scott and McConnell should publicly disclosing this bill during a press conference at 9: 30 a.m. ET, just a half-hour before the markup provided by the judicial committee of the law democrats.

In a sign of the pressure to which legislators face to act, McConnell could bring the draft law on the police of the GOP on the floor of the house for a vote as early as next week, said a source familiar with CNN, moving from a calendar previously floated to address the issue. emission after the holiday of the 4th of July. McConnell will still need at least a few Senate democrats to sign it in order to break the obstruction, and the democratic party in the House should also get its own vote next week.

The fate of the reform of the police and a political argument that is now certain to shape significantly the presidential and parliamentary elections of November can now depend on the capacity of the political momentum of the core to shake up Washington divided his inertia as usual, and the pressure that can be exerted on focusing in particular on Senate republicans vulnerable who are feeling the heat from their constituents.The power of the pressure for change was evident in the appearance of Trump in the rose garden of the White House at an event that also mirrored his political balance as he was surrounded by chiefs of police.

“Today, it is to carry on the good sense and fight – fight for a cause like this where we rarely have the opportunity to beat us,” said the president. But then, he immediately diverted his tone reformist when he added: “We need to find a middle ground. But I am firmly opposed to the efforts of the radical and dangerous (défund) dismantle and dissolve our police services, especially now that we have reached the crime rate recorded the lowest in recent history. “

False lies

Before his speech, the president met privately with relatives of victims of police violence during a meeting that, according to sources, was a sincere effort, and sincere to show his understanding. But the executive has been much less radical than its billing and was immediately undermined by the rhetoric lasts of the act and of the order of Trump and a discourse politicized disjointed littered with his lies usual on the record of the Obama administration before he does sign. His remarks, for example, came with a new threat of turning the troops of the national Guard against the protesters, and seemed to oppose the overthrow of the statues of American history who fought for the Confederacy when he said ” we must build on our inheritance, not demolish it “.

The president’s plan includes a new federal database designed to prevent police officers with a history of brutality to make it in different jurisdictions after having been the target of complaints. This provision has been welcomed by the commentator of CNN, Van Jones – who has worked with the White House on a previous effort to reform the criminal justice system. Jones said that the ” floor is higher than it has been. There is a movement in the direction of a database for the ” bad cops “.

But the measure is strongly motivated by incentives and is not concrete enough for critics who consider it to be well below the requirements of the situation, in the middle of a national balance sheet on the basis of race triggered by the death of George Floyd. The American Civil Liberties Union has called ” lean.” Amnesty International complained that the measure was a “bandage for a bullet wound” and the democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden has accused Trump of an effort to be “insufficient” to restore elements of the agenda of Obama-Biden.

The appearance of the president at the White House has demonstrated a recognition apparent that there is a political imperative strong for Trump to show, if belatedly, he understands the mood of the country – all the more that he tries to win back voters from the suburbs more moderate. But his conduct has also shown how he is always motivated by his instinctual assessment of its political needs in the short term. The events of Tuesday were in any way parallel to the time where he met relatives of victims of the shooting in the school Parkland Florida in 2018 and are committed to reform seriously armed violence, only that the momentum of the action to disappear when the political focus has changed.

Despite all his control of his political base and his claims are extravagant for his own greatness policy, Trump has never been a brave politician willing to take measures that could compel him to lead his supporters to another political venue. And given the challenging state of its opinion polls as he prepares to face Biden, he may think that he has little reason to take for granted even its supporters more fervent.

And the vice-chairman Mike Pence has offered a new reason to doubt that the White House is aware of the changes that are sweeping the country, after having hesitated and not to respond to a question on Fox News Tuesday on the question of whether African-Americans have more trouble getting there. the country.

The democrats will act on the counter-proposal

Wednesday, democrats are expected to vote in committee against the president during a hearing before the judicial committee of the Chamber, which will discuss the law George Floyd Justice in Policing. The measure is designed to hold the police responsible for putting in place enforceable standards that are missing from the executive order Trump.

The president of the judiciary, Jerry Nadler, a New York democrat, said on Tuesday that the bill would amend ” the criminal standard for prosecution in cases of police misconduct, prohibiting the choking, putting an end to racial profiling and religious, and removing the immunity qualified for the application of the law “.

But while it is likely that the road would be easy in the House – 220 democrats have already signed – the effort already seems to be blocked by republicans in the Senate who believe that federal efforts to impose standards of policing represent an overbroad and a violation of state powers and local.

“It is basically an exaggeration of wanting to democratically trying to control everything in Washington. We have no interest in that, ” said McConnell on Tuesday about the legislation of the House.

The leader of the majority in the Senate is expected to announce Wednesday whether he will try to present the bill to Scott for a vote before a two week break, the 4th of July.

Scott, who was at the signing of the decree of the Trump, said on Tuesday that its legislation did not prohibit the chokes but approached ” very, very close to this place.” But his comments signal a major encounter with the democrats who seek to impose changes in the police service rather than to encourage reform. And the democrats, who seem to believe that they have political momentum on the issue, have the power to stop the bill from Scott if they deem it insufficiently strict, as it will take 60 votes to overcome a filibuster in the chamber’s 100 votes.

This story has been updated to include further developments on Wednesday.

Manu Raju of CNN contributed to this report.

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