The long campaign of Trudeau to join the security Council of the United Nations ends so that the ambassadors vote


The long campaign of the Prime minister Justin Trudeau for Canada to be elected to a temporary seat on the security Council of the United Nations culminates Wednesday in New York, while the ambassadors of the member States are preparing to vote.Limited to his own country in the last three months, Trudeau has discussed with more than 40 national leaders – from Senegal to Spain, from Uganda to the Ukraine – in order to beat Ireland, or Norway for one of the two remaining seats to be won. .

Yesterday, Trudeau spoke with the prime ministers of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, India, Pakistan, Spain, Ethiopia and the presidents of Angola and Mexico. Last week, he met with the prime ministers of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Fiji, Northern Macedonia and the presidents of Rwanda and Panama.

And this is not only the Prime minister who works on the phones. The officials and ministers call their foreign counterparts in the framework of the thrust frenetic final for the votes.

If Canada wins, it will become one of the ten temporary members of the council joining the table for a two-year term. The power and influence of the real will continue to reside with the five permanent members of the Council: the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia and China, which hold veto power over resolutions.

WATCH | Trudeau discusses the chances of Canada winning a seat:

On Tuesday, the Prime minister Justin Trudeau spoke with journalists outside Rideau Cottage. 2:32

Each year, the United Nations general Assembly will elect five countries to the security Council. The votes are held by secret ballot, and countries must achieve a two-thirds majority to win. If Canada does not obtain this majority in the first round, he will have to fight until a winner emerges.

The process could be rapidly blocked at the second round of voting on Thursday, or it could extend. In 1979, it took 155 tricks to fill a seat.

Canada has been elected six times to the security Council since the 40s, but his last nomination, in 2010, resulted in a failure for the first time, Germany and Portugal occupying the two seats that the Canada was.

Trudeau says that getting a seat is not an end in itself, but a means for Canada to “continue to have influence” in the world.

“Over the last few months or last few months, either on COVID, whether on the development and financial reform, whether on climate change, on a range of things ranging from peacekeeping to the security for women, we have made progress and show the way,” said Trudeau on Tuesday to journalists.

“Regardless of what happens in the campaign, we’re more committed and we will continue to be more engaged on the world stage. ”

The success of Canada depends in part on what he can bring to the table than Norway and Ireland can’t. As noted by one expert, the countries have similar profiles on the world stage, making differentiation difficult.

About 60 of the 190 member States of the organization only vote on the whim of their ambassadors in New York– Richard Gowan, International Crisis Group

“There are a lot of beautiful differences, but to be honest, they are three peas in a capsule if you want. These are the countries very similar with a long history of support for the UN, ” said Richard Gowan, who oversees the International Crisis Group. advocacy work at the UN.

Among these differences, Norway and Canada are members of NATO, unlike Ireland. Another is the close relationship and solidarity of Canada with Israel.

“We consider you like family.”

The deputy prime minister asked by chrystia Freeland says that the voice of Canada in the world is more important than ever, especially when it comes to defending things like the international order based on rules, which, according to her, “is threatened”.

“Some of the principles and ideas that defends Canada are needed in the world today like never before: feminism, the defence of diversity, the defence of human rights, the defence of the environment; these are all central values to our government and they are issues that Canada defends everywhere in the world,” said Freeland to reporters in Ottawa.

Mia Mottley, the prime minister of Barbados, says that Canada has done enough to earn the vote of his country.

WATCH | The Prime minister of Barbados to discuss the potential contribution of Canada:

Mia Mottley, the prime minister of Barbados, discusses what Canada could bring to a seat on the security Council of the United Nations 11:06

“As a country, we have decided very clearly that we will support your country,” she said Tuesday on CBC. Of power and politics. “We consider you as a family. ”

Mottley said that Trudeau has been very useful in his region of the world, and has personally written to the international monetary Fund and the world Bank to bring these institutions to rethink how they will provide economic support in the event of a pandemic to middle-income countries.

But what Canada brings to the table, the values that it represents, the issues it undertakes to enforce a time the security Council are not always factors for countries when they consider who to support. Sometimes, the thinking behind the vote is much more superficial.

“About 60 of the 190 member States of the organization only vote on the whim of their ambassadors in New York, and these ambassadors often promise their vote to three candidates, and nobody really knows who is telling the truth to that,” said Gowan. told me.


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