The government of Brazil announced Friday that its epidemic of coronavirus, has exceeded one million cases, which makes it the second country in the world in the United States in terms of rates of infection by the coronavirus.
“Nearly half of the reported cases came from the Americas “, said the director general of the world Organization of health, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, during a briefing virtual. “The world is in a dangerous new phase … the virus continues to spread rapidly, it is always fatal and most people are still sensitive. “
The president of the brazilian Jair Bolsonaro argues that the impact of the measures of social distancing always prevails over the severity of the virus in the country.
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Bolsonaro has minimized several times the virus, calling the coronavirus of “small flu”, and told reporters earlier this month that he “regretted[s] all the dead, but it is the fate of all. ”
The United States, whose population is 56% greater than Brazil, reported over 2.2 million cases.
But health experts believe that the infection rate could be up to seven times higher in Brazil.
The Johns Hopkins University, reported that Brazil performs 14 tests per day per 100,000 people, but the medical officials say the number of tests is up to 20% lower than what they should be to accurately keep track of the virus.
Although the data show that the virus reached a plateau in the nearby cities of the Atlantic in the north, the rural towns and rural, less-equipped to deal with the crisis, are experiencing a spike in cases.
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“There are a lot of regional inequities in our public health system and a shortage of professionals in the interior “, Miguel Lago, executive director of the brazilian Institute of studies on health policy. told me.
“This creates many deserts of health care, people traveling long distances to attract attention. When they leave the hospital, the virus can accompany them, ” added Lago.
Brazil, which has cost 50,000 lives according to its ministry of Health, has struggled to maintain a minister of Health during the crisis.
The former minister of Health, Dr Nelson Teich, resigned in may after having been in office for only a month. Later, there were reports of disagreements with Bolsonaro on measures of social distancing, and on whether or not to distribute the anti-malarial drug, chloroquine. Teich has qualified the drug of”uncertainty” and expressed his disagreement with the president on how to balance the economy and the crisis.
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His predecessor, Luiz Henrique, was dismissed from his post of minister of Health after having also been in disagreement with the president on how to manage the pandemic.
Bolsonaro has not yet filled the role of minister of Health, even though the country has become the new epicentre of the sars coronavirus.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.