Surgeons led by a doctor of Indian origin perform the first known lung transplant in the United States for a patient with coronavirus

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CHICAGO: Surgeons led by a doctor of Indian origin have given a new set of lungs to a young woman suffering from serious pulmonary lesions due to the coronavirus, an operation which would be the first of its kind in the United States since the beginning of the pandemic .
Northwestern Medicine in Chicago said the recipient is the woman in her 20s who would not have survived without the transplant.
She is in intensive care and is recovering from surgery after receiving respiratory and cardiac assistance for two months, the Washington Post reported.
Ankit Bharat, chief of thoracic surgery and surgical director of Northwestern’s lung transplant program, said organ transplants may become more common for victims of the more severe forms of Covid-19.
“This is one of the most difficult transplants I have done,” he said. “It was really one of the most difficult cases. Bharat, born in Meerut, said.
The disease caused by the new coronavirus most often attacks the respiratory system but can also damage the kidneys, heart, blood vessels and the neurological system.
“I certainly expect some of these patients to suffer from such severe lung damage that they will not be able to continue without a transplant,” said Bharat, who performed the surgery on Friday.
“It could be a life-saving intervention,” the newspaper said.
The patient, who has not been publicly identified, was on immunosuppressive medication for a previous condition when she contracted the coronavirus, he said. Perhaps for this reason, the virus has devastated his lungs, leaving doctors with few options, the report said.
She developed secondary bacterial infections that could not be controlled with antibiotics because her lungs were so badly damaged, he said.
As the woman’s lungs deteriorated, her heart also began to fail, followed by other organs that were not getting enough oxygen.
She was placed on a mechanical ventilator to help her breathe, then on an extracorporeal membrane oxygenation device, which adds oxygen to the blood outside the body and helps the heart to pump blood through Ships.
Doctors repeatedly tested the fluid in her lungs to be sure it was negative for the coronavirus before operating, said Bharat. At that time, she was even sicker, he said.
The woman only spent two days on the waiting list before a brain dead lung donor was found, said Bharat. Only a small percentage of the donors’ lungs meet transplant standards, and the woman’s doctors were initially unsure whether they would be eligible, said Bharat.
On May 26, Austrian surgeons performed the world’s first known lung transplant to save the life of a survivor of Covid-19, a 45-year-old woman suffering from a severe form of the disease.
Bharat said he and others in his field were unaware of any other organ transplant of any kind in the United States involving a recipient who had contracted the coronavirus.
The United Network for Organ Sharing, a non-profit organization that coordinates transplantation in the United States, has no record of organ transplant in a Covid-19 patient as of May 29, said spokeswoman Anne Paschke .
However, hospitals have two months from the date of surgery to report a transplant to the Richmond organization, she said.
The median lifespan of a double lung transplant is around nine years before organs have to be replaced, but experts have seen transplanted lungs work much longer, said Bharat.
“We are one of the first healthcare systems to successfully perform a lung transplant on a patient recovering from Covid-19,” said Bharat, quoted by CNN.
“We want other transplant centers to know that while the transplant procedure in these patients is technically quite difficult, it can be done safely and offers Covid-19 terminally ill patients another survival option.”

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