Rowling posted the essay on her personal website on Wednesday that she tweeted with the phrase “TERF wars” – a reference to the so-called territorial wars between trans activists and TERF (or trans-exclusive radical feminists) over “current trans activism”.
In this document, Rowling repeatedly writes about his belief in the importance of “biological sex”, where sex is assigned at birth.
Noting the poignant stories she’d read by trans men about gender dysphoria, Rowling said, “If I had been born 30 years later, I might have tried to transition too,” because she had experienced mental health issues and struggled with his body. like a teenager.
“The attraction of a flight from femininity would have been enormous,” writes Rowling. “If I had found community and sympathy online that I couldn’t find in my immediate environment, I think I could have been persuaded to become the son my father had openly said he would have preferred . ”
“Trans people need and deserve to be protected,” adds Rowling, in one of several lines in which she says she does not believe trans women are women. “Like women, they are more likely to be killed by sexual partners. ”
Trans activists, writers and organizations immediately expressed their horror at Rowling’s comments.
Sarah McBride, trans activist and press officer for the human rights campaign, compared Rowling to vice president Mike Pence, known for supporting anti-LGBTQ policies.
Writer Emily VanDerWerff called it a “dangerous milk bath.”
Journalist and activist Serena Daniari talked about Rowling “Dangerous and uninformed views” and accused him of “simultaneously denying our humanity and attacking us relentlessly”.
Other activists have called on people to donate to trans organizations.
Last December, Rowling tweeted support for Maya Forstater, a woman who was fired for saying that transgender women should not be legally recognized. Rowling’s latest statement comes after a major backlash over the weekend, when she tweeted a link to an article mocking the line “Menstruating”, which many have pointed out was an anti-trans comment, because many women do not menstruate (and some men do). ).
In his broader statement on Wednesday, Rowling also revealed that she had been the victim of sexual assault and domestic violence. She said that experience made her even more focused on biology, “in solidarity with the large number of women who have stories like mine, who have been insulted as fanatics for having concerns around unisex spaces ”
Bathrooms have been one of the biggest political issues for trans people, with several states and counties in the US trying to ban access to public unisex restrooms to limit the rights of trans people.
Rowling also argued that people should use the toilet of the gender assigned to them at birth, although statistically, it is trans people who are more likely to be assaulted or assaulted in the toilet.
“So I want trans women to be safe,” the author wrote. “At the same time, I don’t want to make native girls and women less safe. When you open the doors of bathrooms and locker rooms to any man who believes or feels that he is a woman – and, as I said, sex confirmation certificates can now be given without any surgery or hormonal – then you open the door to all men who wish to enter. ”
But gender confirmation certificates are not so easily granted in the UK. Certificate applicants must be over the age of 18, diagnosed with gender dysphoria (and provide medical evidence from a doctor or psychologist), have lived like this for at least two years, and have the plan to live there “for the rest of your life. ”
Mixed bathrooms were first introduced into American society due to historical beliefs that women should not be fully integrated into society and were biologically inferior to men.
Rowling’s recent anti-trans comments have prompted actor Daniel Radcliffe, who played Harry Potter in famous films, to issue a statement saying, “Transgender women are women.”
“Any statement to the contrary erases the identity and dignity of transgender people and goes against all the advice given by professional health associations which have much more expertise on this subject than Jo or me”, a- he added.
His comrade Harry potter costar Emma Watson also rebuffed Wednesday in a tweet, saying, “Trans people are what they say they are. “
Fantastic beasts Star Eddie Redmayne also spoke out against Rowling’s anti-trans tweets.
“As someone who has worked with both JK Rowling and members of the trans community,” said Redmayne, “I wanted to be absolutely clear about my position. I don’t agree with Jo’s comments. Trans women are women, trans men are men and non-binary identities are valid. ”
In her letter on Wednesday, Rowling spoke out against the criticism she received. She said she wouldn’t stop talking about her anti-trans comments because she believes she helps women.
“It would be so much easier to tweet approved hashtags – because of course trans rights are human rights and of course trans lives matter – collect awake cookies and bask in a lingering scent of virtue. There is joy, relief and security in compliance, “she wrote.
However, Jen Richards, the Mrs. Fletcher and Tales of the city trans star and activist, wrote about the frustrations of Rowling’s anti-trans comments at a time when the global political focus is on the Black Lives Matter movement.
“The fear, ignorance and cruel cruelty under the words of JK Rowling are the same feelings that lead to the murder and systemic destruction of the lives of black trans people,” wrote Richards.
“But all white women have a choice right now: to aggressively defend a narrow and excluding concept of manhood that is fundamentally and irrevocably racist, or to commit themselves entirely to dismantling white supremacy,” added Richards. “JK Rowling, like many white women, chose the former. “