India said its soldiers were maimed after being beaten to death by Chinese troops and revealed the studded clubs used on the disputed Himalayan border.
Twenty Indians were killed on Monday evening, the first deadly conflict between the two nuclear-weapon countries since 1975.
China said it had killed 43, but did not say whether one of its men was killed in the terrible melee combat in the Galwan Valley, Ladakh.
The Indians said today that after their men were raped by studded clubs, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army mutilated their bodies.
No bullet was fired in accordance with a peace treaty that prohibits firearms within 2 km of the actual control line (LAC), the line drawn in the 17,000-foot valley after the defeat of India during the 1962 Sino-Indian War.
In the latest developments of the battle at the top of the world:
- Spokesman for the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Anurag Srivastava said he wanted the situation to be resolved responsibly and warned China: “Making exaggerated and untenable claims is contrary to this understanding. “
- The Indian government-owned railway company has canceled £ 50m contracts awarded to the Chinese to build 260 miles of freight railway.
- The Delhi Telecom Ministry has ordered state-owned enterprises to avoid Chinese upgrades to its 4G infrastructure.
- A funeral was held in Suryapet for Colonel B Santosh Babu, fatally injured with clubs and stones when he approached the Chinese camp to make peace.
- Yesterday, China released images of live artillery and tank fire exercises exploding the Tibetan plateau, where thousands of PLA soldiers are stationed to deal with any Indian threats.
The Indians said today that after their men were raped by studded clubs, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army mutilated their bodies. No bullet was fired in accordance with a peace treaty that prohibits firearms within 2 km of the actual control line (LAC), the line drawn in the 17,000-foot valley after the defeat of India during the 1962 Sino-Indian War.
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Family members pay tribute to the coffin of Colonel B Santosh Babu, the Indian commander killed after trying to appease the Chinese. Colonel Babu’s mother Manjula told the New Indian Express, “I’ve lost my son, I can’t bear him. But he died for the country and that makes me happy and proud. Her father, B Upendar, stoically told The Times of India: “I always knew that one day I could hear what I was hearing today, and I was mentally prepared for it. “Everyone dies but it is a privilege to die for the country and I am proud of my son.”
Indian army officers carry the coffin of Colonel B. Santosh Babu for his funeral in Suryapet, about 90 miles from Hyderabad, India, Thursday
At least 20 Indian soldiers, including a colonel, were killed and at least 43 Chinese men were wounded or killed Monday evening along the real control line (LAC), a disputed border in the Himlayas (red territory is controlled by India, and the beige and gray stripes, Aksai Chin, are Chinese but claimed by India, the white line surrounding it is what India thinks its border should be, while the black line has agreed after the Sino-Indian War of 1962 – a heavy defeat for India)
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Colonel B Santosh Babu (left) was one of the first men killed when the confrontation at the Ladakh border spilled over on Monday. His mother Manjula said, “I lost my son, I can’t bear him. But he died for the country and that makes me happy and proud. Another confirmed death was Naib Subedar Mandeep Singh (right), from Patiala to Punjab
Uninhabitable desert area that India and China have been fighting for centuries
The Himalayan border between India and China has been disputed for centuries, but the two countries have been arguing for the last time since the 1960s.
In the 18th century, it was fought by the Russian, Chinese and British empires, and after the independence of India, ownership of the region became more confused.
China appreciates the region because it provides a trade route to Pakistan, and the recent hostilities have been sparked by fears in Beijing that India will cut the crucial land corridor.
The current official border between the two was set by Britain and is known as the McMahon Line. It is recognized by India but not by China.
In reality, the border between the two countries is on the actual line of control (LAC) where Indian and Chinese forces ended after the Sino-Indian War of 1962.
Aksai Chin, the site of the latest tensions, is located in India along the official border but is claimed to be part of the Chinese region of Xinjiang by Beijing.
It is an almost uninhabited highland scrubland crossed by the Xinjiang-Tibet road.
The other disputed territory is hundreds of kilometers east of Tibet.
The 1962 Sino-Indian War was fought on these two borders, as Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru said, a struggle for land where “not even a blade of grass grows.”
In addition to the disputed border, China had seized Tibet ten years earlier and accused India of trying to overthrow Beijing’s interests by granting asylum to the Dalai Lama.
There was also an element of the Cold War and India wanted to see if the United States would support it in a confrontation against Communist China.
Delhi had overlooked the desolate corner of the subcontinent that allowed the Chinese to build a military route through it in the 1950s to link Xinjiang province to Tibet.
The Indian discovery of this highway was a major factor that led to fierce clashes leading to war.
However, the Indians had only posted two divisions at the border when the Chinese invaded, never suspecting that Beijing would be bold enough to cross the McMahon line.
The war lasted a month and killed more than 2,000 people on both sides. It was a heavy defeat for India and led to the creation of the new border, LAC, which repels India from the McMahon Line.
Much of the reason for the ongoing conflict is the ill-defined border, the result of a confused status that the region had during the colonial era, which was made more cloudy by India’s war with Pakistan in 1947.
China’s interest in the region surrounds President Xi Jinping’s foreign policy, “Belt and Road,” to provide extensive infrastructure along the old Silk Road.
Beijing fears that an increased Indian presence in the region will cut its trade route to Pakistan.
The two sides blamed each other for the recent hostilities, but analysts say India’s construction of new roads in the region may have been the fuse for the May standoff.
The two sides have sent reinforcements and heavy equipment to the area.
This has become a hot spot on the Indian side, India Today reported, as Delhi hawks continue to pressure Prime Minister Narendra Modi to retaliate forcefully.
Responding to China’s claim to the valley today, Foreign Ministry spokesman Anurag Srivastava said the two sides agreed to handle the situation responsibly.
“Making exaggerated and untenable claims is contrary to this understanding,” he said in a statement.
The two sides accused each other of having started a clash between their forces in the valley, part of the disputed region of Ladakh along the Himalayan border.
Media reports said senior military officers from the two sides met on Wednesday to defuse the situation, but no confirmation has been confirmed by either party.
Indian soldiers, including a colonel, died from serious injuries and exposure to below freezing temperatures, officials said.
The confrontation has intensified an impasse in the disputed area that began in early May when Indian officials said Chinese soldiers had crossed the border into three different places, erecting tents and guard posts and ignoring departure warnings.
This sparked screams, stone throwing, and fist fights, much of which was replayed on television and social media.
According to the Indian account, disengagement efforts failed last week when troops dismantled a camp set up by the Chinese on their side of the border.
Scuffles broke out and several men were injured, but the Chinese only briefly withdrew to return in large numbers over the weekend, stones were thrown on Sunday.
On Monday, these skirmishes turned into a large-scale fight at the top of a ridge line over the Galwan River, and many men were said to have died after diving into the freezing cold waters below.
“They fell like objects in free fall,” an AFP source said. Post-mortem examinations of those killed have shown that “the main reason for death is drowning and it appears that they have fallen from a height into the water due to head injuries,” said L ‘AFP a responsible.
Among the dead was Colonel B. Santosh Babu, commander of the 16th Bihar Regiment, who had gone to meet with the commanders of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army to try to discuss the end of the recent tensions.
But the 37-year-old man was fatally injured with another soldier as Communist forces took iron rods and threw stones wrapped in barbed wire at their counterparts.
About 40 minutes after the attack by Colonel Babu’s delegation, the same Indian unit – this time led by a major – returned to face the Chinese again in their encampment.
The Indians attacked the Chinese outpost with ferocity and, according to their testimony, seriously injured about 60 PLA soldiers.
All of this took place in the river valley and lasted well over three hours, despite attempts by a Chinese crossing guard to raise the white flag.
Weapons and club-shaped rocks played an important role in the battle and for this reason, many troops were said to have suffered serious head injuries.
By the time the fighting broke out just after midnight, many men who had fallen into the river had already succumbed to hypothermia, with more corpses being fished out at sunrise.
Six other Indian soldiers are believed to be missing.
Colonel Babu’s mother Manjula told the New Indian Express, “I’ve lost my son, I can’t bear him. But he died for the country and that makes me happy and proud.
Her father, B Upendar, stoically told The Times of India: “I always knew that one day I could hear what I was hearing today, and I was mentally prepared for it.
“Everyone dies but it is a privilege to die for the country and I am proud of my son.”
Uninhabitable Desert: The Galwan Valley where the mass fight between Indian and Chinese forces took place. Chinese interest in the region surrounds President Xi Jinping’s belt and road policy of having vast infrastructure along the old Silk Road. Beijing fears increased Indian presence in region may cut trade route to Pakistan
Communist state television yesterday showed images of artillery and tanks destroying the desert landscape as some 7,000 infantrymen simulated attacks on fortified enemy positions about 600 miles from Monday’s deadly skirmish in the valley from the Galwan River.
Announced as heroes who will not die in vain, Sepoy Gurbinder Singh, 22 (left), has been in the military for two years; and his killed comrade Gurtej Singh, 23 (right) from Mansa district
Indians burn images of Chinese President Xi Jinping in Bhopal on Tuesday after news of border violence
Activists from Sanskriti Bhchan Manch shout slogans as they organize a demonstration against China, holding posters of Chinese President Xi Jinping, in Bhopal, India, June 16
The colonel is survived by his mother Manjula, his father Upender, his wife Santoshi, his nine-year-old daughter Abhigna and his four-year-old son Anirudh.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi today warned New Delhi not to underestimate Beijing’s determination to safeguard what it considers to be its sovereign territory.
His comments were received on Wednesday over a phone call with his Indian counterpart, Subrahmanyam Jaishankar.
Wang said China demands that India conduct a thorough investigation and “severely punish” the officials.
Indian Border Security Forces soldier walks near checkpoint along Srinagar-Leh National Road on Tuesday
Indian soldiers rest beside artillery cannons in a makeshift transit camp before traveling to Ladakh, near Baltal, southeast of Srinagar this week
“The Indian side had better not make an incorrect judgment about the situation, had better not underestimate China’s firm determination to protect its sovereign territory,” said Wang in a statement released by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Communist state television yesterday broadcast live military exercises on the Tibetan plateau about 600 miles from Monday’s deadly skirmish in the Galwan Valley.
The images showed artillery and tanks destroying the desert landscape while 7,000 infantrymen simulated attacks on fortified positions.
It is not known when the training took place, but CCTV said it was carried out by the PLA stationed in the Tibetan military region, which deals with threats from Tibetan countries, including India.
RECENT TENSIONS: allegedly filmed in mid-May on the shores of Pangong Lake, one mile from Indian territory, footage claims to show Indian forces beating a People’s Liberation Army soldier and crushing a Chinese armored car
RECENT TENSIONS: Pro-Beijing social media accounts recently posted images purporting to show Indian troops beaten and tied with a rope on the banks of a lake in the disputed Himalayan border region
China claims around 35,000 square miles of territory in northeast India, while India claims that China occupies 15,000 square miles of territory in the Aksai Chin Plateau in the Himalayas, a contiguous part of the Ladakh region.
India unilaterally declared Ladakh federal territory while separating it from disputed Kashmir in August 2019, and China was among the handful of countries to firmly condemn this decision, raising it in international forums, including the United Nations Security Council United.
Thousands of soldiers on both sides clashed for more than a month along a stretch of the actual 2,100-mile line of control, the border established after a war between India and the China in 1962 which resulted in a difficult truce.
Key dates in border tensions between India and China
The Asian regional superpowers, India and China, share a long history of distrust and conflict along their long border, and tensions exploded this week in a deadly clash between troops.
The two most populous nations in the world and their nuclear-armed neighbors have never even agreed on the length of their border of the “Real Line of Control,” which straddles the strategically important Himalayan region.
The past few decades have seen numerous skirmishes along the border, including a brief but bloody war in 1962.
Here are some key dates:
– Nehru’s visit to Beijing in 1959 –
India inherited its border dispute with China from its British colonial leaders, who hosted a 1914 conference with the Tibetan and Chinese governments to secure the border.
Beijing has never recognized the 1914 border, known as the McMahon Line, and currently claims 90,000 square kilometers (34,750 square miles) of territory – almost everything that makes up the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
The border dispute erupted during a visit by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to Beijing in 1959.
Nehru questioned the boundaries shown on official Chinese maps, prompting Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai to respond that his government did not accept the colonial border.
– Sino-Indian War of 1962 –
Chinese troops invaded the disputed border with India in 1962 in a dispute over the demarcation of the border. This sparked a four-week war that killed thousands on the Indian side before the withdrawal of Chinese forces.
Beijing has kept Aksai Chin, a strategic corridor connecting Tibet to western China. India still claims the entire region of Aksai Chin, as well as the neighboring Shaksgam Valley, controlled by China, in northern Kashmir.
– 1967 Nathu La conflict –
Another flashpoint was Nathu La, India’s highest mountain pass in northeast Sikkim, which is sandwiched between Bhutan, Chinese-dominated Tibet, and Nepal.
In a series of clashes, including the exchange of artillery, New Delhi said that around 80 Indian soldiers died and killed up to 400 Chinese casualties.
– Tulung La 1975 ambush –
The skirmish was the last time that shots were officially fired across the disputed border.
Four Indian soldiers were ambushed and killed along the dividing line in Arunachal Pradesh.
New Delhi blamed Beijing for its entry into Indian territory, a request rejected by China.
– Dead end of the Doklam plateau 2017 –
India and China have had a deadlock for several months at high altitude in the Doklam region of Bhutan after the Indian army sent troops to prevent China from building a road in the region.
The Doklam Plateau is strategically important as it gives China access to the so-called “chicken neck” – a thin strip of land connecting the states of northeast India with the rest of the country.
It is claimed by both China and Bhutan, an ally of India. The problem was resolved after talks.
– Clash of Ladakh 2020 –
Tensions started to boil again after several Indian and Chinese soldiers were injured in a high-level fight at the border in Sikkim State in early May.
Indian authorities said that within days, Chinese troops invaded the dividing line further west in the Ladakh region, and India then moved additional troops to opposite positions.
Last week, the two countries said they would settle the confrontation peacefully after a high-level meeting between army commanders.
But on Monday, India said three of its soldiers were killed in a violent clash in the strategically important Galwan Valley on the Himalayan border.