In 1947, India declared independence from Britain. Two years later, the Chinese revolutionary Mao Zedong proclaimed his country an end to the Communist Revolution, and founded the People’s Republic of China.
Almost immediately, the two countries are now the most populous in the world – found themselves at odds over the border. Tensions increased in the 1950s. The Chinese insisted that Tibet was never independent and could not have signed a treaty to create an international border. There have been several failed attempts at peaceful negotiation.
China sought to control most of the roads near its western border of Xinjiang, while India and its Western allies have seen all attempts at Chinese incursion as part of a larger export plot. Communist-style Maoist across the region.
In 1962, war had broken out.
Chinese troops crossed the McMahon Line and took positions deep in Indian territory, capturing mountain passes and cities. The war lasted a month, but more than 1,000 Indians died and more than 3,000 Indians were taken as prisoners. The Chinese army suffered less than 800 deaths.
In November, Premier Zhou Enlai of China declared a ceasefire, unofficially redrawing the border near the place where Chinese troops had conquered the territory. He was the so-called Real Control Line.