Legislation aimed at eliminating the often violent anti-government demonstrations that have engulfed Hong Kong in the last year, criminalise secession, subversion, terrorism, and collusion with foreign forces.
The full text of the law has not yet been published, but the public broadcaster RTHK quoted sources as saying that under “special circumstances”, Hong Kong top leader, and the Beijing-led national agency for the security of Hong Kong could send “serious” on national security of the mainland china court to be judged.
High-profile activists Joshua Wong, Nathan Law and Agnes Chow resigned from their political group, Demosisto, and the group itself has announced its closing hours after the announcement of the law of passage. Hong Kong National Front, a pro-independence group, also announced its closure, but said that his work would continue to Taiwan and the united KINGDOM. Another pro-independence group, Studentlocalism, has also declared that it would cease operating.
Local reports say that the sanctions for national security crimes, range from three to 10 years in prison, with life imprisonment for “serious cases”. The law is not supposed to be applied retroactively, even though all actions have “endangered the state” in the last two years, could be used as evidence in court, they say.
Although reports say that China could exercise its jurisdiction only to a minority of serious national security of the government of Hong Kong is unable to manage, many Hong kongers were not reassured.
“It is very vague. Everything they say about this targeting only a few people, I can’t be trusted,” said Marie-Tsang.
“I feel very uncomfortable because you don’t know where the red line is, you don’t know what they mean by national security crimes so you just guess,” said Tsang, who said she has deleted a lot of her photos and posts online, and seeks to emigrate.
A student who identified himself as Kelvin, said that he found the bill “unnecessary” and “disturbing”.
“A lot of things in this law are subject to interpretation. The authorities get to choose the judges and how they interpret things are going to become precedents in the courts,” said the 27-year-old, who said he was also deleting photos and messages online.
Some activists have shown contempt by holding a lunch of protest in a shopping centre in the prestigious Central business district. Several people sang songs and chanted slogans. Some displayed pro-independence flags and posters to oppose the national security act, and exhorted the people to take part in a demonstration on the 1st of July. A large number of police officers have conducted research on some of them.
Some hope that the right to the security to put an end to the protest movement. A 70-year-old stand on the market, the owner, who identified herself as Ms. Ha stated more severe penalty was needed to stop “the rioters demolition of Hong Kong”.
“It’s going to make people afraid, and they don’t cause chaos anymore,” she said.
Ip Kwok-him, Hong Kong, deputy in the Chinese parliament the National People’s Congress, said that the law was not “a tiger without teeth” and would have “a deterrent effect”.