France and Italy deployment of Europe First is the search for Contacts of various Applications of Public Opinion, Technical Questions


Italy and France are among the first European countries to deploy their search for application contacts, highlighting the fragmentation of the European landscape which has yet to come with a solid answer to its only question of cross-border traffic.Much of the debate centered around the adoption of the controversy followed by API contacts released by Apple and Google last month. Italy makes use of this API, while France is searching for the contacts app does not work.

From Italy “Immuni” contact tracing app

The Immuni app was first deployed to the four hardest hit regions of Italy, with plans to roll it out to the rest of the country in the coming weeks.

This application enables the use of the Apple and Google joint contact search API, giving it instant compatibility and interoperability with most mobile phones. However, the app may not work with older devices, which are unable to upgrade to a sufficiently recent version of the OS. Android phones will require version 6.0 (Marshmallow) at a minimum, although it looks like Apple phones require at least iOS 12 to make sure the app works properly. This means that some Apple and Android devices that are more than five years old may not be able to upgrade to an operating system version that supports app contact tracking.

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Immuni relies on Bluetooth signals, as well as voluntary use and self-reporting. Medical authorities can update a national database when a patient is diagnosed with Covid-19, and the person who comes inside a short distance from your phone for a long period of time will be automatically sent a warning to be tested and self-isolate. The Italian government has declared that personal data is not stored beyond this function, and that participants will not be geolocated, terms that the tech giants have insisted on in developing their APIs. Contact newspapers must also be deleted no later than December 31 of this year.

A survey by EMG Acqua in late May suggests that Italian citizen support for contact tracing the app is still below the 60% -80% threshold that public health experts estimate is necessary for that it is more useful than conventional contact tracing methods. Only 44% of respondents said they would either “definitely” or “probably” download it, while 24% said they would definitely not download it.

France “StopCovid” looking for contacts app

If the StopCovid application promoted by the French, the public health authorities is available via the official Google and Apple app store, there is no use of their API. The app deployed simultaneously with a relaxation of traffic restrictions allowed in new parks and beaches and dinner-in options of restaurants and cafes.

Like Italian tracking app contacts, the system is based on Bluetooth technology. However, this system transmits information through the centralization of servers managed by the French government. France has been among the European countries that oppose the Google-Apple search for API contacts because of the belief that the utility was too limited if the data could not be processed centrally and stored. The French government says the app has no track or store location data, and removes contact logs after 14 days.

This application also requires end-to-end voluntary participation in the function. When someone is diagnosed with Covid-19, the healthcare professional generates a QR code for them, which they can choose to enter in the app. If they do, an “ephemeral” ID will be generated and logged to all other app users the patient has contacted in the past two weeks. The application creates a “risk score” color code for each user based on the amount of contact they have had with these positive known short-lived Id; when the score reaches a certain level, they are sent a warning to be tested and self-isolate.

The app ran into major launch issues. The beginning of June started since the Android version available at first, no explanation for the first day on which users could not download the application for iOS; during this period, a number of Apple users, wrongly, downloaded from Catalonia “Stop Covid19 CHAT” information application instead. The right iOS app to become available.

In April an opinion poll carried out by the IFOP institute revealed that only 46% of French people were probably voluntarily using the application, with 53% indicating that they were opposed.

International compatibility issues

The French app is currently not compatible with the Italy app, and it is unlikely that the EU hodgepodge of different contacts apps will be interoperable due to most of the independent routing efforts of the information through a central government-controlled server.

Only 44% of Italian citizens in survey offices said they would download from the country, searching for contacts app. #privacy #respectdata Click to Tweet

Other nations that go their own unique path, contact tracing include applications from Switzerland, Britain and Germany. Switzerland was technically the first European country to launch an application, but in a limited pilot area of ​​the period after which the country will adopt legislation governing its use in the future. The app’s great britain is scheduled for soon, but has been affected by technical delays and does not yet have a business release date. The app’s Germany will try to avoid centralized server state by storing all data on local devices, but it’s also unclear when it’s ready for the public.


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