At least 20 people died in clashes between Indian and Chinese troops along the disputed Himalayan border running along the Ladakh region of Kashmir. This is the first deadly clash since 1975, and the most severe since 1967.
The fighting broke out on Monday evening, when an Indian patrol came across a Chinese forces on a narrow ridge. During the confrontation to an Indian commander was pushed and fell into the gorge of the river, sources told the Guardian. Hundreds of soldiers from both sides have been called and fought with stones and clubs. Several fell to their deaths.The Indian Army has said that there are victims on both sides, and confirmed that three of its soldiers were killed during the clashes, with 17 others later, succumbing to injuries.
Beijing has refused to confirm the death of his side, but accused India of crossing the border twice and “provocation and attack the Chinese staff”. The editor-in-chief of the state-run Global Times, said that he understood there had been casualties Chinesebut the People’s Liberation Army wanted to avoid “stimulating the public mood” by the comparison of numbers.
Tensions have been climbing since the end of April, when China has sent thousands of troops in the disputed territory along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), bringing the artillery and vehicles.
Analysts say the Chinese government, which has been more assertive in the construction of infrastructure in the region, is anxious to impede any effort by India to upgrade its own military installations.
Their refusal to leave the areas in dispute, including the Galwan Valley inside the Indian territory, has triggered shouting matches, the stone-throwing and fistfights in key border areas. Last month, there was a huge fight between rounds, but not dead.
Earlier this month, the senior military leaders of the two parties have met and are committed to disengagement.
What is the history of this conflict?
India and China war in 1962 over their disputed border in the Himalayas. The end of the war with a truce and the formation, in fact, a limit, known as the Line of Actual Control.
There has been a malaise and a fragile peace because, punctuated by skirmishes at the border, including in 2013 and 2017.
Officially, no boundary had ever been negotiated, the region where the clashes have taken place is a hostile terrain, at high altitude and sparsely populated, running through the region of Ladakh, bordering Tibet, to the house for a Buddhist-the majority of the population. It is a popular tourist destination.
What is the Line of Actual Control?
The LAKE is a rough line of demarcation between the Indians of the territory controlled by the Chinese-controlled territory. The exact location of sections of the line, particularly in the western part of the Ladakh region remained in dispute. The Efforts between the two countries in order to clarify the LAC have stagnated over the past two decades, according to the media Indian.
What the two sides want?
The two countries have sought to establish their land claims, the heavy militarization of the region. Both have built roads, airstrips, outpost stations, and other infrastructure, such as telephone lines. The troops conduct regular patrols along the disputed border. China claims over 90,000 square kilometers in the eastern Himalayas and another 38 000 square kilometres in the west, both of which are disputed by India.
What is the next step?
The conflict has major geopolitical consequences for the world. China and India are the two most populous nations on earth, and both are nuclear powers. They are directed by governments to run strongly along nationalist lines, and in which the armed forces are considered as markers of national status and pride.
The two parties have worked to de-escalation in recent weeks, but the loss of life, which makes the situation even more complex and precarious.
Chinese state media said the PLA is to conduct joint military exercises “aimed at the destruction of the key hostile hubs in a high elevation mountainous region”. The PLA Tibet Military Command conducted live fire exercises with heavy artillery, Tuesday, with reports linking the PLA of preparation for the high-elevation fighting, clashes with India.