Colbert, Gallieni, De Gaulle… The figures in the centre of France, the statue of debate

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                De Confédérés dirigeants AMÉRICAINS, à des marchands d'esclaves dans le royaume-UNI, les statues de ceux avec des liens vers les préjugés raciaux ont été pris pour cible par des manifestants à travers le monde au cours des dernières semaines. En France, il est des statues de personnages intervenant dans les pays du passé colonial qui ont été ciblés, allant du 17e siècle, l'homme d'état et un ancien président.
            

La statue de Joseph Gallieni, un commandant militaire dans les colonies françaises, a été le dernier à être la cible quand il a été peint à la bombe cette semaine, avec les mots “Dans un musée”.

Gallieni, the military career saw quell uprisings against the colonial rule in the Sudan and French Indochina. In 1896, he was appointed governor of Madagascar, where it is infamous for the suppression of a large-scale uprising, often using brutal tactics, including forced labour and summary executions.

The statue of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, outside of France, the National Assembly, has also become a focal point in the debate on the removal of monuments to colonial figures. Colbert is best known as the man behind the Code Black (Black Code), a decree that defined the conditions of slavery in the French colonies.

It included rules that said that runaway slaves must have the ears cut off and will be marked and that Catholicism is the only religion that is allowed for the slaves.

Charles de Gaulle airport, meanwhile, is for many in France, a national hero who led the Free French against the Nazis in the second World War.

Later, as president, he helped to put an end to a bloody war in the French colony of Algeria, and ultimately lead to Algerian independence.

But this week, a bust of De Gaulle in Hautmont, northern France, was disfigured by the word “slave driver” written on the statue in an act condemned by local and national politicians.

In spite of the controversy on these and dozens of other statues in France, the French President, Emmanuel Macron has excluded their disposal.

“The French Republic will not erase recordings or names from its history,” he said in a televised speech on Sunday. “He will not forget any of his work. It will not topple the statues.”

            

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