On June 15, 20 Indian soldiers were killed and dozens more injured after clashes with Chinese forces in a mountainous region of the Galwan Valley. According to the Indian army, China has also claimed 43 lives, but it is unclear whether any of them have been killed and the figure has not been confirmed by Beijing.
According to The Guardian, the fighting involved 600 men engaged in hand-to-hand combat for up to six hours.
No firearm was used, with both sides choosing iron rods, stones and clubs as weapons.
According to the Indian army, some of the Chinese troops have wrapped their batons with barbed wire or hammered them in with nails to increase their effectiveness.
Research from the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) suggests that the two sides have since strengthened their military strength along the border.
Based on satellite images from Planet Labs, an Earth imagery company, the IISS said 30 to 40 vehicles have set up a temporary camp on the Indian side, while an additional 100 trucks have stopped on the Chinese side. .
On this basis, the institute estimates that the Chinese have increased their number of soldiers between 1,000 and 1,500, an increase from the 500 to 600 usually present.
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China and India accuse the other of crossing the real line of control, the de facto line between the two countries.
India and China are involved in an ongoing dispute over several areas along their mutual border, including Aksai Chin which China considers to be part of its Xinjiang region.
The two powers waged a brief but bloody war in 1962 in the disputed territories, which left around 2,000 people dead.