How will the coronavirus testing and tracking system work?

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Locked Britain could finally begin to return to “normalcy” after nine weeks of uncertainty thanks to the government’s coronavirus tracking system.

The NHS Test and Trace system for England is due to start today at 9 am for people who have symptoms associated with Covid.

It was released yesterday by Secretary of Health Matt Hancock, who said it was the “civic duty” of the public to adhere to the new rules.

However, it is launched without its centerpiece of the NHS contact tracking application, raising fears that without the new technology, the government could fight to fight the spread of the disease.

Experts immediately said the complexity of the program meant there could be “more than one point of failure”, while political opponents of the government said the ministers should never have largely given up on contact tracing .

So what should you know about the NHS Test and Trace system for England? And how will it affect you and your loved ones?

Baroness Harding

Matt Hancock

The NHS Test and Trace system was unveiled yesterday by Health Secretary Matt Hancock (right) and Baroness Harding (left) at the daily coronavirus press conference at No. 10.

Government diagram explains how NHS Test and Trace will work

Government diagram explains how NHS Test and Trace will work

What is the NHS Test and Trace system?

The NHS Test and Trace system will see anyone who develops symptoms associated with Covid self-isolate and get tested.

Close contacts of those who test positive for the disease will then be asked to quarantine for 14 days – even if they test negative and are not sick.

Boris Johnson’s government has hired a huge army of 50,000 people to try to make this huge endeavor possible.

About 25,000 are contact tracers who will contact people who return positive coronavirus tests to have them roasted over their movements and known associates.

The idea is to get an idea of ​​those with whom they have come into contact and therefore of those who risk a) becoming sick and b) passing them on to more people.

Another 25,000 people in the program are testers, who will go into the community and test these known associates.

Either way, these known associates will be ordered to quarantine immediately, even if the tests they return are negative.

Baroness Dido Harding, Executive President of NHS Test and Trace, said the program was essential to further facilitate the locking.

She said, “The NHS Test and Trace is designed to allow the vast majority of us to live our lives in a much more normal way.

“We will trade the national lockdown for individual isolation if we have symptoms.

“Instead of 60 million people in national confinement, a much smaller number of us will be told that we must stay at home, either for seven days if we are sick or 14 days if we have been in close contact. “

Tracers can find the contacts of 10,000 people per day.

How exactly will the NHS Test and Trace System work?

The British coronavirus tracking program will be divided into two parts.

People will be ordered to self-isolate for seven days if they develop symptoms. Any member of the same household must do the same.

These people should then order a coronavirus test online or by calling 119. It will be available to residents of Wales from Saturday.

If the test is positive, the victim must spend seven days in isolation. If the test is negative, no one needs to isolate themselves.

However, people with a positive test for Covid-19 will then be contacted by SMS or e-mail or by phone and invited to answer questions.

They will be asked to share phone numbers and email addresses for close contacts.

For those under 18, they will receive a team call and a parent or guardian will have to give permission to continue the call.

Persons on the list of persons with whom a coronavirus victim has been in close contact will receive an SMS or an e-mail.

They will then be asked to self-isolate for a maximum of 14 days depending on the last contact with this person.

Other household members do not need to isolate themselves unless there are symptoms.

If they develop symptoms associated with Covid, all other members of the household must self-isolate and must then order a test.

If the test is positive, self-isolation should continue for seven days. If the test is negative, this person must still complete 14 days in case the virus does not manifest itself.

How long will it take before I know if I have coronavirus?

The goal of this program is to process and return all test results within 24 hours, but it is unlikely to achieve this goal from the start of deployment.

This means that some people may face long waits to find out if their test is positive, which could delay the tracing process and allow the virus to spread.

Baroness Harding said of the testing schedule so far: “Yesterday was the turnaround time for our tests – we returned 84% of all tests to our drive-in centers within 24 hours.

“And 95% of all tests within 48 hours. I still don’t think it’s good enough. It has to get better and better.

What is “close contact”?

Close contact is any person who has been within two meters (6 feet 6 inches) of the infected person for more than 15 minutes without protective equipment.

The government hopes that the demands of the system will draw public attention to the importance of maintaining social isolation.

When the coronavirus application is operational, the victim’s mobile phone must automatically identify anyone close to them.

Until this happens, patients will identify likely contacts through an online process.

What about Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland?

Scotland has announced that its own system will start today.

The Wales system is expected to start in early June, while Northern Ireland has its own version of the operational NHS Test and Trace system.

Can I choose where to isolate if I have a small child?

The government is encouraging people not to follow the example of Boris Johnson’s help, Dominic Cummings, who traveled to Durham during the lockout.

Officials want people to stay at home, while the boards will provide support to parents who have no relatives or friends who can help.

MailOnline graph explains how new NHS test and traceability system should work

MailOnline graph explains how new NHS test and traceability system should work

NHS Test and Trace system to be launched as coronavirus death toll rises to 37,257

NHS Test and Trace system to be launched as coronavirus death toll rises to 37,257

Are there any pitfalls? If true, what are they?

Yes, there are pitfalls. This system was put together as quickly as possible by ministers and officials working under extreme pressure.

Experts immediately said the complexity of the program meant there could be “more than one point of failure”, while political opponents of the government said the ministers should never have largely given up on contact tracing .

Without the application, contact tracking will be based on the point of view of those tested positive. This means that people will have to remember exactly where they were and who they were close to in the days leading up to their positive test.

If people forget or incorrectly remember who they saw, the virus could spread.

Baroness Harding said at the Downing Street briefing: “We have 25,000 contact tracers ready to start working tomorrow – it’s pretty easy to find contacts today when the vast majority of us are locked out -out. “

She said the Isle of Wight data suggests that people are within two feet of less than five others at the moment.

How important is contact tracking to defeat the coronavirus?

Royal Society estimates follow-up of contacts reduces infection by up to 15% and will miss cases, but even a marginal effect could be crucial in bringing the R infection rate below one and as close to zero as possible .

Latest Downing Street data shows there have been 412 daily coronavirus deaths in the UK, bringing the toll to over 37,000

The latest Downing Street data has shown that there have been 412 daily coronavirus deaths in the UK, bringing the toll to over 37,000

Some 117,013 coronavirus tests were performed within 24 hours to 9 hours, bringing the overall total to nearly four million tests performed

Some 117,013 coronavirus tests were performed within 24 hours to 9 hours, bringing the overall total to nearly four million tests performed

What happens if people refuse to isolate themselves? Will they be fined?

The government has stated that it relies on the British public to voluntarily self-isolate if it has symptoms of Covid-19.

But he warned that he would impose sanctions if people did not follow his orders. Spot checks could be carried out on households and fines could be imposed.

It is not known how many people would be fined if they were ignored for self-isolation.

A spokesperson for the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs told MailOnline: “We are confident that the public will want to play its part in reducing the spread of the virus to keep themselves, their families and their communities safe.” and protection of the NHS. This means complying with self-isolation advice.

“However, if we find that people do not follow the isolation instructions, we will not hesitate to introduce more severe measures, for example by making visits to verify that they are at home or by imposing fines if they are outside the house. “

At yesterday’s press conference, Secretary of Health Matt Hancock said the government was “confident” that when told to isolate itself, people would do it, adding, “Now , of course, we could also impose this, but in the first case, we are not going.

“It will be voluntary at first because we trust everyone to do the right thing.

“But, we can quickly make it mandatory if that’s what it takes. Because, if we don’t collectively do this work, then the only way to go is to maintain the lockdown.

Could people end up self-isolating repeatedly?

Yes. The government has considered imposing “local closings” on entire cities in the event of future regional outbreaks of coronavirus cases.

Hancock said the ability to tighten restrictions in each region will be part of the NHS testing, tracking and traceability system.

This could lead to the closure of local schools, businesses or workplaces in areas with a high prevalence of infection, according to the government’s “exit strategy”.

Part of the raison d’être of the test and traceability system, however, is to allow for small-scale local measurements where there appears to be an outbreak.

Will people who have had a coronavirus be exempt from self-isolation if they come into contact with a new Covid-19 victim?

No. Even people who have tested positive for coronavirus will have to stay home for 14 days if they come into close contact with a new victim.

The government has said the scientific advice remains that it is not certain that people who have had the virus are immune to it.

WAre cap controls in place to prevent him from being abused or pretending to have the disease as a joke?

The focus of the whole program is on testing people. Thus, people who claim to have the disease will be tested. There will be very little room for maneuver.

Although if those who are positive fail or refuse to reveal who they have been in contact with, without the app, contact tracers can do very little to find out if people are telling the truth.

Who is in charge of the operation where I am?

Boards and public health officials will be responsible for suppressing local epidemics of Covid-19, but it is unclear who will lead these efforts.

Nor is it clear today how many staff would be available to help or whether local authorities would receive additional funds and powers to act appropriately.

Why not just continue like this?

Although the government says the foreclosure has significantly reduced the deaths associated with Covid, national restrictions are destroying the economy.

Millions of workers have been locked up in small and large companies since severe traffic restrictions were introduced by the government.

More than half of the UK’s adult population is now paid by the state in some capacity, be it in the public sector, on leave or in benefits.

Businesses and enterprises have received hundreds of billions of pounds in emergency loans to date from Chancellor Rishi Sunak.

But this state of affairs cannot last forever.

Economists estimated in early April that the foreclosure, which began on March 23, costs Britain about £ 2.4 billion a day.

The Bank of England forecasts that the UK’s GDP contracted by 2% in the first quarter and is expected to fall by 30% in the second quarter.

Bank staff estimate that the economy could “bounce back” by around 15% by the end of the year, which means that the UK would be around 15% poorer than before the lockout.

Faced with what the bank has called the biggest economic dive in 300 years, the government is trying to restart the engines of UK plc.

The Prime Minister has pledged to break Britain out of the lockout safely by managing the public health risk posed by the coronavirus.

The NHS Test and Trace system is designed to help do just that.

Hancock said at the press conference, “Until an effective treatment or vaccine arrives, how can we start doing more of the things that make life worth living without risking safety or putting lives in danger? NHS Test and Trace is a big part – not the only part – but a big part of the answer to this question.

What is this application about?

NHS tracking and testing system launched without its centerpiece of the NHS contact tracking application, raising concerns that without new technology the government would be hard to fight the spread of Covid-19 .

Experts believe that the application will be crucial to the success of the program because it can identify contacts much faster than human contact tracers.

The smartphone application uses bluetooth to register other phones with which it has been close for a long time. No date has been set for the national rollout of the app, but without it, contact tracing will not be as quick as it would be with it.

Matt Hancock said it is not technical issues that prevent the test and trace application from being rolled out nationwide.

He said, “This is one of the things we have learned on the Isle of Wight is that the deployment of the system where people are asked to isolate themselves, even if they have no symptoms , starts best when it comes in human form upon contact. plotters. “

Hancock added that “the app works on the Isle of Wight” and said that when the government had “successfully integrated” the new NHS test and trace system, “now is the time to put the application to execution ”.

He continued, “Because the app is a compliment to this system, even without it, this system would be successful, but it’s a compliment because there are contacts that you don’t know you could have establish.

Have other countries used contact tracing?

South Korea monitored credit card transactions, video surveillance and mobile phone locations, while Singapore used police investigations and detective work to reconstruct where the people were and who they saw.

Iceland has seen 40% of the population download its app, although its government says manual tracing is just as important.

Austria has introduced a decentralized application run by the Red Cross, which users can control manually. He was the first to deploy this application.

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