Powell warns that the economic damage could become permanent as Congress debates provide more support.
Jerome H. Powell, President of the Federal Reserve, issued a stern warning on Wednesday that the United States was facing an “unprecedented modern” economic coup, a coup that could cause lasting economic damage if Congress failed to deliver not enough political support to prevent a wave of bankruptcies and prolonged unemployment.
Mr. Powell’s brutal assessment was the clearest signal to date that the trillion dollars of support that policymakers had already invested in the economy might not be enough to prevent lasting damage from a pandemic that has closed businesses and put more than 20 million people out of work. .
It was also a replica for lawmakers and the Trump administration, whose discussions on additional bailouts have failed as Democrats unveil a wishlist and Republicans shun federal spending, instead betting that reopening the economy will accelerate growth quickly and considerably.
“The recovery could take a while to gain momentum,” said Mr. Powell at a virtual event at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, where he welcomed the first response packages from Congress and suggested that an uncertain prospect might demand more. “Additional budget support could be costly, but worth it if it avoids long-term economic damage and leaves us with a stronger recovery. “
Powell’s comments troubled investors, and the S&P 500 fell about 2% in the early Wednesday afternoon.
Members of Congress remain divided along partisan lines on how aggressively to pursue additional relief spending, with Democrats proposing large-scale new programs and Republicans voicing concerns about the mounting federal budget deficit. President Trump’s economic advisers have said they are waiting for the moment to find out if another tax package is needed, looking to see how much the economy is rebounding as states lift restrictions on business activities.
Powell and his colleagues at the central bank are stepping into their roles as economic experts and informal advisers to inspire budget makers to act. They say the recovery remains very uncertain, and if the political response turns out to be inadequate, the consequences could be lasting and painful.
“While the economic response has been both timely and important enough, it may not be the last chapter, as the path ahead is both very uncertain and subject to significant downside risks Said Powell on Wednesday. “Since the answers are currently unknown, politicians will need to be ready to respond to a range of possible outcomes.”
Powell said the burden often falls on the most disadvantaged, saying a Fed survey scheduled for Thursday would show that nearly 40% of those working in February and living in households earning less than $ 40,000 a year. years had lost their jobs in March.
He warned of the significant drawbacks of the extinction of the current recession, ranging from “lasting damage” to the economy’s productive capacity to “avoidable” household and business failures that weigh on growth for years to come. He also warned that long periods of unemployment could erode workers’ skills and leave families struggling with huge debts.
“We must do what we can to avoid these results, and this may require additional political action,” said Powell.
The Trump administration is reviewing an order to extend border restrictions on viruses indefinitely.
The Trump administration is set to extend border restrictions on viruses indefinitely, using government wide public health officials to severely limit immigration across its land borders until officials decide it doesn’t there is more danger of infection for Americans, reports Michael D. Shear.
On March 20, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention imposed a 30-day restriction on all non-essential travel to the United States from Mexico and Canada, closing legal ports of entry for tourism and immediately removing people who crossed the border illegally into their country of origin origin.
The restrictions have significantly hampered the ability to seek humanitarian protection in the United States.
Since March 21, border patrol officers have referred 59 migrants to an interview with asylum officials, according to a US citizenship and immigration official. Only two applicants for protection were allowed to stay in the United States.
Three other migrants are awaiting treatment while 54 have been returned. The Washington Post first reported asylum statistics. Since the rule was enacted, the administration has used public health authorities to immediately return more than 20,000 migrants to Mexico or their country of origin.
The order – which was extended an additional 30 days on April 20 – was part of a larger effort, led by Stephen Miller, the architect of Mr. Trump’s immigration program, to aggressively use the laws on public health to reduce immigration as the government fought the virus. .
But a new order under review by several government agencies is expected to extend the restrictions indefinitely. Once issued by Dr. Robert R. Redfield, Director of the C.D.C., the border restrictions would remain in effect until he decides that the virus is no longer a threat. The indefinite extension comes as Trump has repeatedly insisted that states reopen their economies, arguing that the threat of the virus would quickly go away.
“I extend the duration of the order until I determine that the danger of a further introduction of Covid-19 into the United States has ceased to constitute a danger to public health,” says the draft order. , according to a copy obtained by The New York Times.
The White House declined to comment.
The new order would require C.D.C. every 30 days to examine the dangers posed by the virus.
This language certainly worries immigration advocates, who have accused Miller and the Trump administration of using the pandemic to impose immigration restrictions they have long wanted to make permanent. On several occasions before the crisis, Mr. Miller and other members of the administration have considered using public health laws to reduce immigration to the United States.
It is not known when the administration intends to formally issue the new order. The existing border restrictions will expire on May 21.
The Republican Attorney General of Texas has escalated tensions with three of the largest Democrat-led cities in the state, warning officials in Austin, Dallas, and San Antonio that their local mask and other requirements restrictions – all more stringent than Governor Greg Abbott’s decrees. – were illegal.
When Abbott ended his house arrest order this month and set the stage for the partial reopening of the state, he angered many local officials saying that his reopening policies replaced everything contradictory order issued by cities or counties.
Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton has written letters to leaders in Austin, Dallas, and San Antonio and has threatened legal action for several local restrictions, including the extension of residence orders, protocols places of worship and requirements for face masks.
“We hope you will act quickly to correct errors like these to avoid confusion and litigation involving unconstitutional and illegal county and city restrictions,” wrote an assistant attorney general in a letter to Mayor of Austin and Travis County County Judge, which includes Austin.
Officials elsewhere received similar missives as part of the latest skirmish in the long battle between conservative heads of state and politicians in larger, more liberal cities. In recent years, Republican state officials have clashed with local Democratic officials over homelessness, public schools, crime and other issues.
Elected officials who received the new warnings challenged the state’s reading of their orders. “We intentionally modeled public health guidelines based on the governor’s recommendations, never imagining that he did not want his own guidelines to be followed,” said Justice Clay Jenkins, the elected high representative for Dallas County. , in a press release.
Dallas County reported another 236 cases of the virus on Tuesday, bringing its total to 6,359, including 148 deaths.
Dr. Rick Bright, a whistleblower who said he had been removed from office as director of a federal research agency after opposing the widespread use of malaria drugs promoted by Mr. Trump, intending to warn a House subcommittee on Thursday that “2020 will be the darkest winter in modern history” if the United States does not speed up its viral response quickly.
Dr. Bright, who was abruptly removed from office last month as director of the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, warned in a advance copy of the testimony he plans to deliver to a committee of the House, which posted the document on its website Wednesday morning.
“Our window of opportunity is closing,” wrote Dr. Bright. “If we fail to develop a coordinated, science-based national response, I fear that the pandemic will worsen and continue, causing unprecedented disease and death.”
Dr. Bright should tell lawmakers that the Trump administration “has dismissed early warning signals and we forgot important pages from our pandemic manual” when the virus emerged as a threat abroad. He will also say that his superiors in the Department of Health and Human Services were “dismissive of my terrible predictions” when he pushed them to increase the production of masks, respirators and other essential supplies.
Dr. Bright made the same allegations in his whistleblower complaint, which Health and Social Services firmly denied.
“This is a personnel issue that is currently under review,” said department spokesperson Caitlin Oakley in an email last week. “However, H.H.S. strongly disagrees with the allegations and characterizations of Dr. Bright’s complaint. “
The Office of the Special Council, the federal agency investigating the complaint, informed counsel to Dr. Bright that he had found “reasonable grounds” that his dismissal was an act of reprisal and had recommended that he be reinstated for 45 days for the duration of the investigation. A lawyer spokeswoman said the ministry has yet to respond to the request.
Dr. Bright is scheduled to appear before the House of Commons Committee on Energy and Trade’s health subcommittee Thursday at 10:00 am Eastern time.
Paul Manafort, the former campaign president for Trump, was released from prison on Wednesday and was interned at his home in northern Virginia due to concerns about the virus, said one of his lawyers, Todd Blanche.
Mr. Manafort was detained in a minimum security prison in Pennsylvania, serving a period of Seven-and-a-half-year sentence for financial and lobbying violations related to his work for a corrupt Ukrainian politician.
This month, Mr. Manafort’s lawyers asked the Prison Office to return their client to house arrest. Lawyers said he was at high risk of contracting the virus due to his age, 71, and pre-existing health conditions, including having been hospitalized in February after contracting the flu and bronchitis.
Cohen is serving a three-year sentence for violating campaign finance laws in part because of an unspoken money scheme to silence two women who said they had sex with Mr. Trump. The president denied the business.
Instead, the Ministry of Agriculture is working to give states more flexibility to feed residents through regulatory waivers, many of which expire at the end of the month.
Since the start of the pandemic, household food insecurity rates have doubled and child food insecurity rates have quadrupled, according to the Brookings Institution’s Hamilton Project.
The Department of Agriculture has granted waivers giving states more administrative powers over the agency’s 15 nutritional assistance programs, which cover children, women and infants and adults. The U.S.D.A. It also plans to send more than five million boxes of food a week to children in rural areas who would find it difficult to have meals distributed to many schools.
These exemptions are modest: the first allows school meals to be served outside crowded places; another allows meals to be distributed without any educational activity. The department has authorized 22 states to receive additional assistance through an electronic transfer of benefits that takes into account the value of free and reduced-cost meals that their children no longer receive due to school closings, on average $ 114 per months per child.
Families in 21 states can use their benefits from the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP) to buy groceries online, and other waivers have allowed states to issue emergency allowances that increase the benefits from SNAP up to the maximum monthly allowance for all beneficiaries. This has expanded food aid to some working poor families, but has not boosted aid to the poorest, who already benefit the most. The federal government has not decided to increase SNAP benefits by 15%, as the Democrats wanted.
But many of these waivers expire at the end of May, although Congress has given the ministry the authority to waive until September. And on Tuesday, the ministry filed a notice that it would appeal a court ruling that blocked tougher job requirements for food stamps slated to take effect in April, removing nearly 700,000 people from food stamp rolls.
Other signs of a rare and dangerous inflammatory syndrome that affects children and appear to be linked to the coronavirus are appearing in New York, where state health officials are investigating 102 cases, Governor Andrew M. Cuomo said on Wednesday .
Of the state syndrome cases, 71% resulted in the admission of children to intensive care units and 43% of the patients remained hospitalized, said Cuomo.
“As a parent, I can tell you it is a parent’s worst nightmare,” said Cuomo.
The governor said that 60% of children with symptoms of the syndrome had tested positive for the virus; 40 percent tested positive for antibodies.
Health officials believed that children may have been exposed to the virus for weeks before they became ill, Cuomo said.
Mayor Bill de Blasio said Wednesday that 82 cases had been reported in New York, 30 more than the day before.
Among the dead was a 5-year-old boy, who died last week in New York; a 7 year old boy in Westchester County and an 18 year old girl in Long Island.
New Jersey reported 18 cases of the syndrome in children on Wednesday, four of which tested positive for the virus, according to the state health commissioner.
Cuomo also said the number of new virus-related deaths had remained below 200 for the third day in a row, with another 166 reported. The number of new hospitalizations for the virus continued to remain at levels that preceded his statewide home care orders, which are scheduled to expire on Friday. A fourth region in the north of the state has now met the criteria for gradual reopening, he said.
Doug Mills, photographer for the New York Times, capture Vice President Mike Pence arriving Wednesday at the White House with a protective mask. The White House on Monday ordered all west wing workers to put on masks at work, unless they were at their desks.
The two changes, which are expected to be approved on Friday, would be the first for a tradition-minded body reluctant to change its rules, even with the advent of new digital technologies. After weeks of debate, they reflect leaders’ conclusion that there may be no other way for Congress to function fully in the months to come as Covid-19 continues to spread throughout the capital and the country.
“There is no substitute for a personal meeting – meet in a committee room or upstairs and members interface with each other,” said representative Steny H. Hoyer , Maryland Democrat and majority leader, in an interview.
“However, if this cannot be done, this rule provides that Congress will nevertheless be able to work, will nevertheless be able to answer the question of the day. “
Washington, D.C. Mayor Muriel E. Bowser said Wednesday the city is extending his stay at home order until June 8.
Democrats were on the verge of adopting similar changes last month, but backed into the middle of the Republicans’ opposition, saying they would seek consensus on historic change. But these efforts were unsuccessful and Friday’s vote should now take place mainly on partisan principles.
The new rules would allow any member who could not or did not want to go to the Capitol because of the pandemic to designate another legislator to vote on their behalf on the floor of the House.
Hoyer said he was disappointed that the Republicans did not support the move, adding that many of their ideas were included in the final proposal. Friday’s vote will authorize the House to study the feasibility of using technology so that MPs can vote remotely, rather than using a proxy in person.
Leaders in the Senate firmly refused to consider similar remote voting arrangements. But many of its commissions have already started holding hybrid hearings, including Tuesday, with Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the top infectious disease administration official, where lawmakers and witnesses are allowed to appear virtually using video conferencing technology.
The Republicans immediately rejected the proposal, calling it “the largest takeover in the history of Congress.” Representative Kevin McCarthy of California, the best Republican, called the sloppy and selfish proposal for the majority party, and predicted it ” forever change our democratic institution for the worse. “
Hospitals across the country are filled with a curious sight these days: patients lying on their stomachs.
Patients are almost always lying on their backs, a position that helps nurses take care of them and allows them to look around if they are awake. But for many patients, the crisis literally turns the scenario around.
The surprisingly low-tech concept, called proning, can improve the breathing of patients suffering from respiratory distress, which is the hallmark of the virus, according to doctors. It is inspired by the basic principles of physiology and gravity. Lying on your stomach helps open the airways to the lungs that have been squeezed by the fluid and inflammation triggered by the viral infection.
When patients are on their backs, “the heart now sits on top of the lungs and compresses it even more,” said Dr. Michelle Ng Gong, head of the divisions of intensive care and pulmonary medicine at Albert Einstein College. of Medicine and the Montefiore Health System in the Bronx. “The rib cage cannot move in the usual way because it is now against the bed. “
But, she said, “When you turn the patient over on their stomach, now the back of the lungs can start to open,” allowing more air bags to work, she said. .
In addition, more of the lungs are at the back of the body than at the front, which means patients on their stomachs don’t have to carry as much lung weight.
Colorado is one of the few Democrat-led states to speed up its reopening.
As Republican governors and Conservative protesters spearheaded the reopening of their economies, Colorado governor Jared Polis went faster than many of his fellow Democrats by allowing home stay orders in the country to expire and some companies to reopen.
Polis and Republican governor Doug Burgum of North Dakota are scheduled to meet with Trump in the White House on Wednesday afternoon. Polis said this week that he was “worried” about flying across the country, but that it was important for the president “to hear what is really going on, on the ground: fear, anxiety, health status, economic challenges facing the people of the country. “
Their meetings took place while Trump and Washington Republicans have expressed reluctance to send aid to states struggling with a sharp drop in tax collections, Kentucky leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky of the majority, opposing what his office described as a “Rescue of the Blue State” to help democratically-led states.
The National Governors Association, a bipartisan group, renewed its cry for help on Wednesday.
“It is not a red state and a blue state,” said its president, Republican governor Larry Hogan of Maryland. in a statement with his vice-president, Governor Cuomo of New York, a Democrat. “This is a red white and blue pandemic. The coronavirus is apolitical. He’s not attacking Democrats or Republicans. He attacks the Americans. “
Throughout the crisis, Mr. Polis gave zany press conferences on the rate of new infections, the state’s screening capabilities and whether people adhere to social distancing guidelines. Colorado now has more than 20,000 confirmed cases, although new cases have declined since a peak last month. Hospitals and local leaders are concerned that these rates will go up.
Rocky Mountain National Park is preparing to reopen at the end of the month, and Colorado will decide by the end of May whether restaurants can resume food service and whether closed ski resorts can run the lifts for a few days spring skiing. Gyms have even started to open at 30% capacity in a county in western Colorado special state authorization.
And tensions mount if Colorado’s reopening is too fast or too slow. Reports of a cafe in the conservative suburb south of Denver went viral on Mother’s Day weekend after defying state orders and reopening its doors. The party ended quickly when authorities said it was an “imminent health hazard” and suspended his license.
In New Jersey, starting Monday, all retail stores can open for curbside pickup, movie service events for movies and religious gatherings will be allowed, and non-essential construction may resume said Governor Philip D. Murphy on Wednesday.
“We are moving slowly and deliberately because any misstep risks causing new epidemics,” he said. “We want to be quick, but we want to be right. “
The state reported 197 deaths on Wednesday, the sixth consecutive day the number stayed below 200. The number of deaths in New Jersey may fluctuate because the daily report often includes deaths that occurred weeks ago but did not occur. have been confirmed only recently.
Online sales in the United States have jumped since mid-March, when shelter measures on site closed brick and mortar stores across the country.
While the stops immediately changed how people spent their money, trends continued to change over the weeks, new data shows, shaped by waves of panic purchases and government aid payments. (Online grocery stores and video games are important.) The latest increase in online spending came after government sent stimulus payments to tens of millions of households April 11.
Beyond what could be temporary changes, consumer habits seem to be changing in a way that could last well beyond the pandemic and determine who will become the most important online players, writes Nathaniel Popper, who covers finance and technology.
Los Angeles County beaches began to reopen on Wednesday, but local authorities have maintained certain restrictions and insisted that bathers generally stay within six feet of each other.
With looser county rules, people are now allowed to swim or exercise in the ocean, – surfers were in the water at daybreak – or walk or run on the sand . They are, however, prohibited from sunbathing, picnicking, cycling or practicing group sports such as volleyball. Most people should wear a face cover when not in the water.
Los Angeles County officials have reported at least 1,613 deaths from the virus and more than 33,000 confirmed cases.
« Nous sommes guidés par la science et les données qui nous feront avancer en toute sécurité sur la voie du rétablissement d’une manière mesurée – une qui nous permet de garantir que des mesures efficaces de mise à distance et de contrôle des infections sont en place », a déclaré la Dre Barbara Ferrer, directeur de la santé publique, a déclaré dans un communiqué cette semaine.
Bien que certaines plages de Californie rouvrent mercredi, des responsables de la Floride ont déclaré que certaines parties de leur littoral resteraient fermées, peut-être en juin. Les autorités d’une poignée de comtés du sud de la Floride ont déclaré qu’elles se coordonnaient pour planifier des réouvertures complètes dans la région.
Ailleurs dans le sud, Hilton Head Island, S.C., des responsables ont déclaré que davantage de points d’accès à la plage rouvriraient vendredi. Et dans les Outer Banks de Caroline du Nord, où les plages sont déjà ouvertes, les visiteurs seront autorisés à entrer dans la zone à partir de samedi.
Le porte-avions Theodore Roosevelt a poursuivi sa lutte d’un mois contre le virus, avec au moins un marin à bord du navire test positif, selon les membres d’équipage.
Le marin infecté, qui avait testé négatif avant de remonter à bord du Roosevelt, a été rapidement chassé du navire, qui est amarré à Guam alors que les responsables de la marine préparent le déploiement du navire. L’épisode met en évidence les défis tenaces auxquels sont confrontés les hauts responsables de la Marine alors qu’une deuxième enquête sur la gestion par le service de Covid-19 – celle-ci par l’inspecteur général du Département de la Défense – a commencé cette semaine.
Les responsables de la marine ont déclaré qu’ils avaient procédé à un dépistage et à des tests agressifs lorsque les membres d’équipage sont retournés sur le navire après avoir été mis en quarantaine à Guam au cours du mois dernier. Les responsables du Roosevelt, disent-ils, font tout, depuis l’exigence de masques au nettoyage et à la désinfection répétés pour éviter une autre épidémie comme celle de mars, qui a infecté environ 1 100 membres d’équipage.
À mesure que l’éducation se déplace en ligne, certains mots de passe des étudiants sont faciles à pirater.
La sélection et le stockage de mots de passe sécurisés est un concept assez difficile pour de nombreux adultes. Maintenant, alors que des millions d’élèves se connectent aux cours quotidiens à travers le pays, au moins l’un des plus grands districts scolaires d’Amérique est critiqué pour ne pas en faire assez pour protéger les comptes des élèves.
Un journaliste et père d’un élève du district de Palm Beach County, en Floride, a déclaré qu’il avait révélé une faille de sécurité dans la façon dont le district utilise Google Classroom: une formule de mot de passe simplifiée pour les écoles élémentaires qui facilite la connexion des élèves. les comptes des autres.
Andrew Colton, rédacteur en chef et éditeur de BocaNewsNow.com, un site local, a rapporté mardi que simplement en connaissant le nom d’un autre enfant, un élève pouvait facilement déduire le mot de passe de cet enfant. Dans au moins un incident, un jeune enfant s’est connecté en tant que pair et a publié du contenu inapproprié lors d’une leçon en ligne, a-t-il déclaré.
Le district scolaire de Palm Beach County a reconnu un seul incident, mais a déclaré qu’il n’était au courant d’aucune atteinte à la sécurité généralisée parmi ses 176 000 élèves. Mardi, le quartier a déployé la possibilité pour les jeunes élèves et leurs parents de changer les mots de passe de manière indépendante, et prévoit maintenant de les conseiller de le faire.
Keith Oswald, surintendant adjoint du district, a déclaré que le comté de Palm Beach continuait d’apprendre à prendre les outils utilisés à l’origine dans les bâtiments scolaires et à les adapter à un usage domestique intensif. Environ 70% des étudiants utilisent Google Classroom un jour de semaine typique, a-t-il déclaré, tandis que d’autres regardent les leçons diffusées sur les chaînes de télévision locales.
Le virus qui se propage dans le monde «ne disparaîtra peut-être jamais», devenant une réalité à long terme qui doit être gérée, et non un ennemi qui peut être éradiqué de façon permanente, a déclaré mercredi un haut responsable de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé.
« Ce virus peut devenir juste un autre virus endémique dans nos communautés, et ce virus peut ne jamais disparaître », a déclaré Mike Ryan, responsable du programme d’urgence sanitaire de l’organisation, lors d’une conférence de presse. « VIH. n’a pas disparu, mais nous nous sommes entendus avec le virus et nous avons trouvé les thérapies et nous avons trouvé les méthodes de prévention, et les gens ne se sentent pas aussi effrayés qu’avant. “
« Il n’y a pas de promesses dans ce domaine et il n’y a pas de dates », a-t-il dit, renforçant les attentes selon lesquelles l’invention d’un vaccin mettra un terme rapide et complet à ce qui est devenu une calamité économique et sanitaire mondiale. Un bon vaccin pourrait être développé, mais on ne sait pas quand, a-t-il ajouté, appelant cela « un coup de lune ».
Si les personnes infectées deviennent immunisées ou résistantes, alors quand suffisamment de personnes ont eu le virus, il en restera moins qui pourront l’attraper ou le propager, ce qui rendra les épidémies plus gérables. Mais personne ne sait combien de temps cela prendra.
« Le nombre actuel de personnes infectées dans notre population est en fait relativement faible », a déclaré le Dr Ryan.
Il a également exprimé son cynisme quant aux perspectives d’éradication, même avec un vaccin, en déclarant: « nous avons des vaccins parfaitement efficaces sur cette planète que nous n’avons pas utilisés efficacement pour des maladies que nous aurions pu éradiquer ». Il a cité le récentes flambées de rougeole dans le monde.
La seule maladie humaine qui a été éradiquée est la variole.
Les reportages ont été fournis par Alexandra Alter, Karen Barrow, Pam Belluck, Alan Blinder, Helene Cooper, Michael Cooper, Carla Correa, Maria Cramer, Gabriel JX Dance, Manny Fernandez, Lazaro Gamio, Thomas Gibbons-Neff, Michael Gold, Dana Goldstein, Denise Grady, Matthew Haag, Maggie Haberman, Jack Healy, Shawn Hubler, Zolan Kanno-Youngs, Sheila Kaplan, Annie Karni, Sharon LaFraniere, Michael Mason, Marc Santora, Eric Schmitt, Dionne Searcey, Michael D. Shear, Jeanna Smialek, Sheryl Gay Stolberg, Eileen Sullivan, Katie Thomas et Daisuke Wakabayashi.