NEW YORK, April 21 – New US research has found that in addition to the most well-known symptoms of Covid-19, such as fever, cougar, and shortness of breath, patients may also have gastrointestinal symptoms like diarrhea and nausea that is not being caught because they are not classic symptoms of the virus.
Performed by researchers at Stanford Medicine, the new study analyzed data collected from 116 patients with a median age of 50 who tested positive for Covid-19 at Stanford Health Care from March 4 to 24.
The majority of patients were treated in an emergency room of a hospital or clinic before being released, however, 33 of the patients were hospitalized, eight of whom ended up in an intensive care unit and one of patients died.
Researchers found that 94.8% of patients had a cough, 76.7% had a fever, 58% had shortness of breath, and 52.2% had muscle pain.
However, in addition to these classic symptoms associated with Covid-19, 31.9% of patients also reported gastrointestinal symptoms, with the majority of these patients describing the symptoms as mild. In addition, 22% lost their appetite, 22% had nausea and vomiting and 12% had diarrhea.
“Covid-19 is probably not just respiratory symptoms like a cough,” said lead co-author Dr. Alexander Podboy, “One third of the patients we studied had gastrointestinal symptoms. We may miss a significant portion of coronavirus patients due to our current testing strategies focused solely on respiratory symptoms. “
“We also noticed that 40% of patients had elevated levels of the abnormal liver enzyme, and those with elevated levels required more hospitalization,” said lead co-author Dr. George Cholankeril.
The study, published in the journal Gastroenterology, is one of the first to investigate American coronavirus patients, and although the researchers note that their data comes from an early stage of the current pandemic, and only from one institution, they add that the results suggest that those exposed to the coronavirus who have gastrointestinal symptoms should also be tested. The team also points out that there is growing evidence in China and Singapore that Covid-19 patients also experience gastrointestinal symptoms, not just breathing problems.
“In our current patient cohort, all patients had respiratory symptoms before the development of gastrointestinal symptoms,” said Podboy. “No patient had gastrointestinal symptoms before the development of respiratory symptoms or as the only manifestation of Covid-19. “
He added: “However, this can be a product of which we are testing. Currently, tests are only offered for patients who meet specific criteria – criteria that often require the presence of pulmonary symptoms. “- AFP-Relaxnews