Robinson, who won the championship title and the European Cup at Anfield in 1984 and won 24 caps for the Republic of Ireland, suffered from skin cancer.
His family confirmed the news via their social media account Tuesday morning.
They wrote, “With immense sadness, we are writing to you about the death of Michael. This leaves us with a great void, but also countless memories, full of the same love that you showed him.
“We will be eternally grateful to you for making this man SO HAPPY, he never walked alone.
” Thank you. “
Liverpool recruited Robinson of Brighton, for whom he had just played in the FA Cup final, for £ 250,000 in the summer of 1983.
The forward then challenged Ian Rush and Kenny Dalglish for a spot on the Reds’ first team, playing enough games to win a title medal for the 1983/84 campaign.
He succeeded Dalglish in overtime in the 1984 European Cup final against Roma in Rome, where the Reds then won on penalties to secure their fourth European crown.
After moving to QPR in search of more first team football, he joined the Spanish Osasuna team in January 1987 with former Liverpool teammate Sammy Lee.
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Robinson moved to Spain after retiring from football in 1989, and after learning the language, he became a commentator and media expert on La Liga matches and Spanish national team matches for a variety radio and television stations.
Former Liverpool midfielder Xabi Alonso tweeted his condolences by writing: “You will never walk alone Michael !! Rest in peace. “