France recently submitted its 2030 final NECP to the EC, with the goal of 1/3 of renewable energy in its energy mix by 2030.
France recently submitted its final national energy and climate plan (NECP) 2030 to the European Commission. The country will target 33% or 1/3 of renewable energy in its energy mix in 2030. This translates into 40% of energy renewable in the energy sector – wind power could supply half of it.
According to WindEurope, the plan defines ambitious but realistic goals and measures to achieve the energy transition. However, their implementation remains essential to fully exploit the French wind potential.
The plan calls for up to 34.7 GW of onshore wind power in 2028. And the government has increased its offshore wind ambitions to 5.2-6.2 GW by 2028 on the back of the competitive price delivered in the call Offshore offers from Dunkirk 2019 (44 EUR / MWh). The country is also betting on cost reductions in the floating wind power sector, with 750 MW of floating wind auctions which are now scheduled by 2022. The first auction of a large-scale floating wind farm is scheduled for 2021.
The government aims to maintain a stable and simplified legal framework to authorize new and repowered projects. This includes reducing the duration of authorizations and the possibility of giving project managers a reasonable period of time to develop wind farms while taking into account the environmental impacts of projects. Wind sites where turbines are reaching the end of their useful life should be reused first for repowering.
The plan also describes comprehensive electrification measures. All new vehicles are expected to be zero emissions by 2040. To this end, the government has introduced various measures, including a bonus-penalty for emissions-based vehicles and a conversion subsidy for low-emission vehicles. Heating and cooling are also taken into account with an estimate of 6.8 million units in individual houses and 2.2 million units in collective buildings by 2028. However, the plan lacks incentives specific for the purchase of heat pumps and the promotion of electromobility in companies or public transport. .
“However, implementation remains essential. Compliance with the auction schedules provided for in the recovery phase of COVID-19 is the first step in deploying the volumes of wind energy necessary to achieve national objectives. Simplifying administrative procedures and planning constraints for new and repowered projects should also be a priority, ”said WindEurope’s response to NECP.