Doctors are now reporting cases where coronavirus (COVID-19) can cause blood clots and, therefore, stroke in a small number of people in their 30s and 40s. These young and middle-aged patients, some of whom did not know they had COVID-19, were “not otherwise terribly ill,” reports CNN.
“The virus appears to cause increased clotting in the large arteries, resulting in a severe stroke,” Dr. Thomas Oxley, neurosurgeon at the Mount Sinai Health System in New York, told CNN. “Our report shows a seven-fold increase in the incidence of sudden strokes in young patients in the past two weeks. Most of these patients have no medical history and were at home with either mild symptoms (or in two cases, no symptoms) of [COVID-19]. “
For weeks, doctors have seen mysterious blood clots in some patients with COVID-19. Blood clotting is a risk for any seriously ill patient, especially if they are immobilized and ventilated. But an early study suggested a higher rate of blood clotting in COVID-19 patients compared to patients with respiratory failure who were not infected, according to WebMD.
Related:What an anxiety therapist wants you to know about the emergence in the world after COVID-19
“We still need more controlled data, but based on clinical observations and a few published studies, it looks like thrombosis [blood clotting] is more common in these patients, “Adam Cuker, MD, hematologist and associate professor of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania Hospital, told WebMD.
Since the COVID-19 epidemic, experts have learned that the virus causes patients more than respiratory symptoms. In addition to telltale signs like fever, cough and shortness of breath or breathing and severe breathing difficulties in severe cases, research suggests that COVID-19 can cause a wide range of other symptoms. These symptoms may include digestive problems, pink eyes, sudden loss of smell or taste, and, in more rare cases, heart and neurological problems.
A recent study published in JAMA Cardiology suggested that some patients may experience heart symptoms due to COVID-19 which can mimic a heart attack. The small study of 187 COVID-19 patients in China found that around 20% of people hospitalized had signs of heart damage, possibly related to SARS-CoV2 infection. Many of these patients had no underlying heart disease and those with heart problems had more severe disease.
Related:How the COVID-19 crisis creates a space to embrace our vulnerability
The CDC noted that confusion, disorientation or lethargy can be signs of a serious SARS-CoV2 infection. A New York Times report said neurologists find that in rare cases, the virus can also have an impact on the brain. Some COVID-19 patients are admitted to hospital with an impaired mental state, which may include loss of speech, seizures, inability to remember basic information and to look into space. The cause of these problems is unclear, but it could be due to inflammation of the brain or lack of oxygen in the bloodstream.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
From the start, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have listed three major symptoms of COVID-19 that can appear between two and 14 days after exposure to COVID-19:
The CDC later added additional symptoms associated with severe COVID-19 cases that warranted urgent medical attention. These symptoms included:
Related:To those who want to open up the economy because “there are more important things than living”
A February World Health Organization (WHO) report based on more than 55,000 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in China found that 88% of patients had a fever, 68% had a dry cough and almost 19 % had shortness of breath. A fever (and chills) help warm your body so that your immune system can fight the virus, while other recognized symptoms point to respiratory distress.
What are the atypical symptoms of COVID-19? Read here.
Read other stories like this on The Mighty:
What to do if you cannot afford to take your medication during COVID-19
Why do I have hope even if my mom is on a ventilator with COVID-19
How to support deaf students during COVID-19