The temporary US immigration ban is expected to take effect now that President Donald Trump has delivered on his promise he made for the first time on Twitter Monday evening.
Trump signed an executive order Wednesday that takes effect at 11:59 p.m. EST on Thursday, April 23. The Executive Order will suspend the processing of applications for permanent residence made by people outside the United States for 60 days. It contains certain exemptions; for example, the ban will not apply to health care professionals or researchers seeking to enter the United States as immigrants to help fight COVID-19.
Trump’s immigration ban is criticized for having less to do with stopping the spread of the coronavirus, and more with his own political agenda leading up to the presidential election this fall.
Cristobal Ramón, a senior policy analyst at the Bipartisan Policy Center in the United States, calls this decision “purely political” since the United States was already processing fewer immigration applications as a result of COVID-19. This de facto pause in the handling of US immigration would theoretically have been resolved in time without Trump’s intervention.
“He’s trying to find a story that allows him to assert control over how people perceive his response to COVID-19 and I think what we see is that there is no coherent story”, Ramón told CIC News. “He’s trying to find everything that works to avoid criticism.”
He also says that the president’s decision lacks intentionality in his approach, implementation and messages.
Canada will not adopt a similar immigration suspension, according to a report by Radio-Canada.
Despite the devastation the coronavirus has wreaked on the world economy, Canada still recognizes that immigration supports the country’s job market and economic growth.
Although Canada has also adopted temporary restrictions on international travel as part of its efforts to stop the spread of the coronavirus, applications for permanent residence are still pending and the government is still holding draws. to invite more people to apply for permanent residence.
The number of immigrants per capita in Canada is three times that of the United States.
Canada welcomes three times more immigrants per capita than the United States
Canada has about 38 million people and now welcomes about 340,000 immigrants a year (0.9% of its population).
The United States has a population of approximately 330 million and welcomes approximately 1.1 million immigrants annually (0.3% of its population).
Almost 60% of immigrants to Canada arrive in the economic category, followed by 26% in the family category and 14% as refugees.
The United States admits about 10% of their immigrants under the economic category, 70% under the family category and 20% as refugees.
Canadian provinces have more immigration powers than American states
Immigration is a matter of shared federal-provincial jurisdiction under the Constitution of Canada. This allows provinces and territories to manage their own immigration programs so that they can accommodate newcomers who meet their economic needs.
Like Canada, the United States is a federation, and although the American states have significant powers under the country’s constitution, they do not have the power to accept immigrants.
This distinction is important because, while in Canada, the federal government cannot restrict immigration without being pressured by the provinces and territories, the United States federal government has full authority over the country’s immigration system and does not does not need to respond to the desire of some states to welcome more immigrants to cope with labor shortages.
US government deadlock
Another major difference between Canada and the United States in terms of immigration is their political system. Canada has a system of parliamentary government, which means that a federal political party that obtains a majority or a large minority has significant control over the policies of the country. This makes it relatively easy for Canada to adopt new immigration policies and plans.
On the other hand, the United States has a presidential system, whereby power is shared equally between the President, Congress and the Senate. This has resulted in political deadlock in many policy areas, including immigration, as the three branches of government must reach consensus on the main issues before adopting new policies and plans.
Democrats and Republicans have long agreed that US immigration reform is necessary, but remain unable to agree on the nature of the reform.
Canada has more control over its borders, which is essential for public support
Perhaps the biggest difference between the two countries is their ability to manage irregular migration.
Since control over people entering their country is essential to maintaining public support for immigration, Canada tends to have higher levels of public support for newcomers than the United States.
Before the coronavirus, Canada had experienced higher levels of irregular migration than in recent history, with thousands of asylum seekers crossing the Canada-United States border.
However, Canada’s asylum figures are meager compared to the United States, which has long had high levels of irregular migrants crossing the country from its southern border in search of refuge and economic opportunity .
Therefore, while debates on immigration to the United States are dominated by discussions on national security, debates on immigration to Canada tend to focus on how to improve the economic benefits of immigration .
Canada’s unwavering commitment to immigration during the coronavirus pandemic
Despite the special immigration and travel measures that Canada has also implemented in response to COVID-19, the country continues to demonstrate its commitment to the 2020-2022 immigration levels plan it announced in March 2020.
Canada continues to allow exempt immigrants, international students and temporary foreign workers to enter the country. He also announced more lenient measures to help accommodate immigration seekers who are unable to submit their full documents to the federal government due to coronavirus disruptions.
Perhaps the greatest indication of Canada’s resounding commitment to welcoming immigrants, even despite the coronavirus pandemic, is that the federal government and the provinces continue to hold immigration draws to invite successful applicants. to apply for permanent residence in Canada:
Four reasons why Canada will not stop immigration
Despite the unprecedented period in which we live, there are four main reasons why Canada will not stop immigration:
History: Canada is a country that was built by immigrants and its Aboriginal peoples. Canada’s history of hosting people around the world continues to guide its efforts to welcome newcomers so that they can continue to support Canada’s economic and social vitality.
Geography: Canada’s geography is favorable to immigration, as it can exercise strong control over who can enter the country. As mentioned above, this allows Canada to have a high level of public support for immigration and to continue to welcome high levels of immigration.
Politics: Stakeholders across Canada recognize that immigration is essential to maintain a high standard of living. Canada has an aging population and a low birth rate, which slows economic growth and creates fiscal pressures. As a result, immigrants are mainly welcomed into the economy class to stimulate Canada’s economy and support its financial situation. Stakeholders work together to enact various policies to support the reception of immigrants and the integration of newcomers into Canadian society.
Politics: Immigrants make up over 20% of Canada’s population and many citizens are second, third and fourth generation Canadians. Since immigrants mainly reside in Canada’s largest cities, Canadian political parties generally have to appeal to immigrants to gain power.
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