At least 12 British children have reportedly been affected by the disease, which is described as an “inflammatory syndrome”, similar to Kawasaki disease and toxic shock syndrome.
Now, a case report from early April has resurfaced, detailing what is believed to be one of the first known cases of virus-related illness.
The report says a six-month-old woman with confirmed coronavirus has also been diagnosed and treated for Kawasaki disease (KD).
In their report, published in Hospital Paediatrics, the authors, edited by Veena Jones, wrote: “To our knowledge, this is the first described case of KD with concomitant COVID-19 infection.”
The child was first admitted to the hospital after suffering from a high fever.
However, four days after her admission, she began to show characteristic signs of Kawasaki disease, including a rash and red eyes.
And on the fifth day, she tested positive for COVID-19.
Based on the results, the researchers call on doctors to be more aware of a possible link between Kawasaki disease and the coronavirus.
They added, “This case report may serve as a useful reference for other clinicians caring for pediatric patients affected by COVID-19, as the understanding of clinical presentation models continues to evolve.
“A more detailed description of the clinical course of pediatric patients diagnosed with COVID-19 remains necessary, particularly with regard to the potential association with KD. “
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While doctors in the UK were alerted to the disease over the weekend, it is unclear whether or not it is linked to COVID-19.
While some of the children with the syndrome have tested positive for COVID-19 and some appear to have had it in the past, others have not.
Professor Stephen Powis, National Medical Director of NHS England, said it was “too early to tell” whether there was a link between the disease and the coronavirus.
However, the chief medical officer, Professor Chris Whitty, said the link was “entirely plausible.”