Coronavirus symptoms: 10 key indicators and what to do


Fever, cough and shortness of breath are found in the vast majority of all cases of Covid-19. But there are additional signals of the infection, some that are quite cold or flu-like, and some that are very rare.

Some or all of the signs can appear 2 to 14 days after direct exposure to the infection, according to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Here are 10 indications that you or a loved one may have Covid-19– and what to do to protect yourself and your household.

Shortness of breath is usually not a very early sign of Covid-19, but it is one of the most serious. This can happen on its own, without a cough. If your upper body becomes limited or you really start to feel like you can’t breathe deeply enough to charge your lungs with air, this is an indicator to act quickly, say the professionals.

“If you have shortness of breath, call your health care provider, local emergency room or emergency room immediately,” said American Medical Association chief of state Dr. Patrice Harris.

“If the shortness of breath is severe enough, you should call 911,” added Harris.

The CDC lists various other emergency indications for Covid-19 such as “persistent chest pain or pressure” and “bluish lips or face”, which may indicate an absence of oxygen.

Get clinical referral quickly, says the CDC.

2. fever

Fever is a key indication of Covid-19 Since some people may have a central body temperature that is reduced or higher than current levels of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit (37 Celsius levels), professionals report not obsessing over a number.

CNN support Chris Cuomo, who is fighting infection from his New York home, is one of those individuals.

“I’m running a little cool. My normal temperature is 97.6, not 98.6. So even when I’m 99, it wouldn’t matter to most people. But for me, I’m already warm, ”said Cuomo, CNN chief medical correspondent Dr. Sanjay Guptain, mayor of CNN.

Most children and adults, however, will most likely not be considered feverish until their temperature reaches 100 Fahrenheit (377 Celsius).

“There are many misconceptions about fever,” said Dr. John Williams, director of the pediatric communicable disease department at the University of Pittsburgh Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Pittsburgh.

“In fact, we go up and down quite a bit during the day up to half a degree or a degree,” said Williams, including that for the majority of people, “99.0 degrees or 99.5 degrees Fahrenheit.” is not a fever. “

Don’t depend on an absorbed temperature level early in the morning, said communicable disease specialist Dr. William Schaffner, professor of preventive drugs and communicable diseases at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville. Instead, take your temperature at the end of midday and very early. night.

“Our temperature is not the same during the day. If you take it at eight in the morning, it may be normal, ”said Schaffner.

“One of the most common manifestations of fever is that your temperature rises in the late afternoon and early evening. It’s a common way for viruses to cause fever. “

3. dry cough

Coughing is another common sign, but it is not just a kind of cough.

“It is not a tickling in the throat. You don’t just clear your throat. It’s not just irritated, ”said Schaffner.

The cough is aggravating, a completely dry cough that you really feel deep in your upper body.

“It comes from your sternum or sternum, and you can see that your bronchi are inflamed or irritated,” added Schaffner.

A report produced by the World Health Organization in February found that more than 33% of the 55,924 people with laboratory-confirmed cases of Covid-19 had in fact disclosed spit, a thick mucosa often called phlegm, from their lungs.

4. Chills and body aches

“The beast comes out at night,” said Cuomo, referring to the colds, body aches and high fever that saw him on April 1.

“It looked like someone who beat me like a pinata. And I was very shivering that … I damaged my tooth. They call them roughness, ”he said from his cellar, where he is quarantined from the rest of his house.

“I was hallucinating. My father was talking to me. I saw people from the university, people I haven’t seen in ages, it was weird, “said Cuomo.

Not everyone will have such a serious answer, say the professionals. Some may not have cooling or body pain at all. Others may experience lighter flu-like colds, fatigue and throbbing joints and muscle mass, which can make it difficult to recognize the flu or coronavirus.

One possible indication that you may have Covid-19 is if your signs do not get better after about a week, but actually get worse.

5. Sudden complication

Speaking of escalating indications, the CDC says that an unexpected complication or lack of ability to wake up and monitor could be a serious indication that treatment in an emergency may be necessary. If you or a loved one has these signs, especially with various other important indications such as blue lips, difficulty breathing, or upper body discomfort, the CDC claims to quickly seek help.

6. Digestive problems

At the very beginning, scientific research did not really assume the loosening of the intestines or various other common stomach problems which generally include the flu used for the novel coronavirus, also called SARS-CoV-2. As more research on survivors appears, this view has in fact changed.

“In a study in China where they looked at some of the first patients, about 200 patients, they found that digestive or gastrointestinal gastrointestinal symptoms were actually present in about half of the patients,” said Gupta in the program CNN New Day information bulletin. .

Overall, “I think we’re getting a little bit more information on the types of symptoms that patients might have,” said Gupta.

The research study explained a separate part of the milder cases in which the first signs were gastrointestinal problems such as sagging of the intestines, usually without elevated temperature. These people experienced delays in screening and medical diagnosis than people with respiratory problems, and they took longer to clear the infection from their system.

7. Pink eye

Research in China, South Korea and various other parts of the world shows that about 1% to 3% of people with Covid-19 also have conjunctivitis, commonly called pink eye.

Conjunctivitis, a very contagious problem triggered by an infection, is a swelling of the thin, clear layer of cells called the conjunctiva that covers the white component of the eye and the inside of the eyelid.

But SARS-CoV-2 is just one of the many infections that can trigger conjunctivitis, so it was not a real shock to researchers that this recently discovered infection certainly does the same.

However, a pink or red eye may be another indication that you should call your doctor if you also have various other warning signs of Covid-19, such as high temperature, coughing, or shortness of breath.

8. Loss of fragrance and preferably

In moderate to modest cases of coronavirus, loss of fragrance and preferably becomes one of the rarest indications for Covid-19.

“What is called anosmia, which basically means loss of smell, seems to be a symptom developed by a number of patients,” CNN chief medical correspondent Dr Aljyn Guota told Dr Sanjay Gupta , the support of CNN, the same day.

“It may be related to loss of taste, loss of appetite, we are not sure – but that is clearly something to watch out for,” said Gupta. “Sometimes these early symptoms are not the classic symptoms. “

“Anosmia, in particular, has been observed in patients who have tested positive for coronavirus without other symptoms,” according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

A current assessment of sweeter instances in South Korea has found that the significant sign of supply in 30% of people is a loss of fragrance. In Germany, more than 2 out of 3 validated cases suffered from anosmia.

It has in fact long been recognized in clinical literature that an unexpected loss of scent could be linked to respiratory system infections triggered by various other types of coronavirus, so it was not surprising that the new coronavirus had this effect. , according to ENT UK (PDF), an expert company representing ear, nose and throat doctors in the United Kingdom.

Is there anything you can do around the house to find out if you are losing perfume? The answer is of course, using the “jelly test” to inform whether the circulation of odors from the back of the mouth with your nasal vocal cords and directly into your nasal dental cavity. if you can choose unique tastes such as oranges and lemons, your sense of smell is penalizing.

9. Fatigue

For some people, intense fatigue can be a very early indication of the single coronavirus. The THAT report found that nearly 40% of the approximately 6,000 people whose cases have been laboratory-validated have experienced fatigue.

Just a few days before being quarantined, Cuomo was currently exhausted from the high temperatures and personal injuries caused by the condition.

“I’m so lethargic that I can look outside, and like an hour and a half goes by,” Cuomo told Gupta on Anderson Cooper 360 “I think I took a 10-minute nap, and it was three o’clock and a half and half an hour. ”

Fatigue may continue long after the infection has ended. Anecdotal records of individuals who have effectively recovered from the fatigue and lack of potency of Covid-19 greatly exceed the basic healing time by a few weeks.

10 Headache, sore throat, blockage

The THAT report also found that almost 14% of the roughly 6,000 cases of Covid-19 in China showed signs of migraine and sore throat, while almost 5% had nasal blockage.

Certainly not one of the most common indications of the disease, but clearly comparable to colds and flu. In fact, many signs of Covid-19 may appear like the flu, consisting of frustrations and gastrointestinal problems, body aches and fatigue discussed above. Various other signs may also appear as cool or allergic reactions, such as a sore throat and blockage.

Most likely, professionals claim that you just have a cold or the flu – nonetheless, they can trigger a high temperature and also a cough.

So what should you do?

“Right now the advice – and it may change – is that if you have cold and flu-like symptoms and they are mild to moderate, stay at home and try to manage them” with the rest, hydration and the use of anti-fever drugs, said Harris of WADA.

These tips do not apply if you are over 60, as the body’s immune systems deteriorate with age or if you expect. Anyone with problems with the coronavirus should call their doctor, according to the CDC.

It is not certain that pregnant women are more likely to become seriously ill with the coronavirus, but the CDC has in fact claimed that women experience adjustments in their bodies during pregnancy that could increase their risk for certain infections.

In general, Covid-19 infections are more risky if you have underlying health and wellness issues such as diabetes, persistent lung condition or bronchial asthma, cardiac arrest, or heart problem, sickle cell anemia, cancer cells (or start radiation therapy), kidney condition with dialysis, a body mass index (BMI) greater than 40 (incredibly overweight) or an autoimmune problem.

“Older patients and individuals with underlying medical conditions or who are immunocompromised should contact their doctor early in the course of any illness, even mild,” suggests the CDC.

To be clear, you are in greater danger – even if you are young – if you have underlying health and wellness issues.

“People under the age of 60 with underlying illnesses, diabetes, heart disease, immunosuppressed or people with any type of lung disease before, these people are more vulnerable despite their young age,” said Schaffner.

A travel background to a place where the single coronavirus prevails (and the components of the globe, including the United States, are increasing every day) is clearly an additional key. Consider making a decision if your signs may be Covid-19 or otherwise.

How to be revised

If you have no signs, please do not request testing or include in the storage of telephone calls in screening centers, centers, medical facilities and others, say professionals.

“We do not test people without symptoms because it is a resource problem,” said Schaffner of the Vanderbilt assessment center. such as coughing and difficulty breathing – reach out to be assessed. “

If you have these 3 indications, where should you go?

“If you have insurance and are looking for a provider or someone to contact or contact you with, there is always a number on the back of your insurance card; or if you go online, there is information for patients, “said Harris.

“If you don’t have insurance, you can start with the state health department or local community health centers, these are officially known as federally qualified health centers Harris suggested, including that some states have a 1-800 emergency number for the phone call.

“If there is a test and evaluation center near you, you can go there directly,” said Schaffer. “It’s always good to let them know you’re coming. Otherwise, you should call your health care professional and they will tell you what to do. “

CNN’s Jacqueline Howard added to this record.


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