Look on the map below for the number of confirmed coronavirus cases in Scottish local authorities
Situation in Scotland
The areas of Scotland where the coronavirus is less common may have fewer restrictions than the rest of the country and England, said the country’s chief medical officer.
Although she now supports a UK-wide approach, Dr. Catherine Calderwood said it might “not be appropriate to have all of the nationwide crackdown” later.
Speaking at a press briefing alongside Nicola Sturgeon, she noted that Scotland was currently “behind” the situation in London and argued that a “tailor-made” response could be introduced.
Sturgeon announced that she has set up her own scientific advisory group to complement formal advice given at UK-wide Cobra meetings.
Dr. Calderwood said it could be used “to apply our own Scottish data to some of these advisory measures”, allowing for less stringent measures in parts of the country.
The Prince of Wales is currently isolated at Birkhall Estate in Aberdeenshire after being tested positive for coronavirus last week.
Prince Charles’ wife Camilla has not contracted the virus, according to tests.
What is a coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause disease in animals. Seven, including the new virus, have made the leap in humans, but most simply cause cold symptoms.
Two other coronaviruses – Middle East respiratory syndrome (Mers) and Severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars) – have killed more than 1,500 people since 2002.
The new virus, officially called Covid-19, is also dangerous – so far, around 20% of confirmed cases have been classified as serious or critical. About 15-20% of hospital cases have been classified as “serious” and the current mortality rate varies between 0.7% and 3.4% depending on location and, most importantly, access to good hospital care.
This figure is much lower than the mortality rates for the Seas (30%) and the Sars (10%), but remains a major threat.
Scientists in China believe that Covid-19 has mutated into two strains, one more aggressive than the other, which could make the development of a vaccine more complicated.
What are the symptoms of the new coronavirus?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the main symptoms of coronavirus generally include:
- Dry cough
- A temperature
- Shortness of breath (in more severe cases)
Some patients may have “aches and pains, nasal congestion, a runny nose, a sore throat or diarrhea,” adds the WHO. “These symptoms are generally mild and start gradually. Some people get infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel well. “
These symptoms are similar to other respiratory illnesses, including the flu and the common cold. So if you have symptoms, consider the following:
- Have you traveled to a high-risk area like China, South Korea or northern Italy in the past two weeks?
- Have you been in close contact with someone with coronavirus?
When should I see a doctor?
People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek prompt medical attention.
But you shouldn’t go out. Instead, you should call NHS 111. Also call NHS 111 if:
- You think you might have a coronavirus
- In the past 14 days, have you visited a country or region at high risk for coronavirus
- You have been in close contact with someone with coronavirus
Use this NHS counseling tool to find out how to protect yourself and others.